When you think about writing out scientific or technical things, you always think about the style, the format and the margins. Which is perfectly normal especially when this is made for scientific research, and you wish to cite everything as clearly as possible. Of course for research, you are given a lot of different formats and margins, oftentimes it gets confusing and sometimes quite frustrating. You need not worry anymore when it comes to these types of things, as there is already a format for scientific and technical research. The APA format system. You may have heard of this, but have you really wondered what is so special about this? If you seek more information, you better scroll down right now for more.
You may already have heard of the two types of format for research. The APA format which we are going to be discussing and the MLA format. As we know, the APA format is an acronym and it stands for American Psychological Association. Judging from the meaning of the acronym, this type of format or style is often used by social sciences and technology for citing out their research purposes. This type of format is used to circumnavigate against any plagiarism and the dire outcome that goes with it. This is why when doing research, citing out your links, authors, information or data is crucial. Since the AP format is used for scientific, technical and social sciences, this type of format would differ from the other type of format.
Let’s move on to the elements of an APA format. These four key elements are easy to remember as they are associated with the WH questions. With this in mind, it is not only easy, it is also convenient especially when you have to cite every single information to avoid any plagiarism. In addition to that, it can get stressful and tiresome to have to remember the format. However, by using the WH questions as key to remember, it is smooth sailing from here.
Who Are the Following Writers?Why list the authors? Why even bother with the names? So the first element for the APA format we have is the name of the author or the authors. As we know that there can be more than one author who may share the same study or research as that of yours. If they are more than one, always list them in alphabetical order. You may ask yourself is it necessary to list all the names of the authors, the shortest answer to that is yes. It is necessary and the only reason is to avoid plagiarism and to avoid having to go through consequences from stealing someone else’s research.
When, so this part of the element is asking for the date. When was the research paper or the research been published? Cite down the date if possible of the research paper. It is stated if possible as some research information do not show or have the complete date as to when it was being published. There are of course some with only the month and the year while others only have the year or month present. As long as you are able to write down the date it is still necessary and considered.
Write out the name of the research or the title of the research paper. As much as possible, be as specific as you can get. As there are some titles that may also have a sub title or a sub heading to their titles. What may have been written on the cover of the book, or for some cases from the internet, you must write everything down. No shortcuts or abbreviations unless it was also placed in the title. The reason for this is to not confuse others who may also want to use this citation for their future research and references. The clearer it is the better.
Location is always necessary when it comes to citing out your information from research. Local or international, you must always cite where. Depending on your research, there are some who may be written the exact city and country, while others do not. Whether the city of the research have been written out or placed, always add it. Avoid not having to write it out since even the smallest detail can be crucial when citing out sources. Be very careful with that as well.
It goes without saying, doing research and writing down citations can be a problem itself. Having to go through a lot of citations and placing them at the correct format. You need not have to worry about that anymore. Listed below are the guidelines of using the APA format when you plan on citing out for your research.
When using the APA format, double spacing texts are a part of it. This is to make sure that each line of text or block of text would not look too difficult to read nor too difficult to decipher. Double spacing makes the text better to read and better to scan for information. Double spacing is sometimes preferred than the single spacing which can be tiring and frustrating. Using this format for research is not only useful, it is a preferred, even when citing your information for research.
Putting an inch of a margin in your paper is the universal format. It is already expected to have at least an inch on the paper compared to half an inch. However, there are some who may choose to have more than just an inch in margin, but the universal margin for pages are always an inch.
Just as using double spacing for the whole research and citation pages, indenting your paragraph is also a universal and necessary thing to do. Indenting your paragraphs mean that you are done with the first and giving time for your eyes to adjust before moving towards the other paragraphs when reading. It is also helpful as it gives the reader time to take it all in and understand that this is the end of the paragraph before moving on to the next.
The same thing goes for everything being written above. The reason for the font size and font is the font size 12 is ideal, the font Times New Roman is also the ideal style of font for research or for citations. There are of course some who may prefer using Arial, but the majority has always been using Times New Roman. If you are not sure which font to use, you may simply ask your professor for the font style.
The page number should always be on the right corner of your page. However, there are some who uses the APA format who would insist on placing it in the middle or the left top corner. The correct way is on the right lower side corner of your paper where the margin of an inch is present. Placing it in a different corner and side is going against the APA format.
The acronym APA stands for American Psychological Association. This is the type of format used for social sciences, scientific and technical research and citations.
APA is for social sciences, scientific and technical research as stated above, while the MLA, which stands for Modern Language Association which is used mostly for literature and prose.
An inch on all four sides of your paper. That is the necessary and universal margin when using the format.
If you plan on writing out research or citations or simply want to use the APA format, you must at least remember the tips and uses of this.