Essay on APJ Abdul Kalam

Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, widely known as APJ Abdul Kalam, was a luminary in the field of science and an inspiration to millions. He was not just a scientist but also an educator, a visionary, and most importantly, the 11th President of India. His life journey is an extraordinary tale of dedication, perseverance, and commitment to the betterment of society and the nation as a whole. In this essay, we will delve into the life and achievements of this remarkable personality, providing students with valuable insights for essay writing competitions.

Early Life and Education

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. His early life was modest, coming from a humble background. His parents, Jainulabdeen and Ashiamma, instilled in him strong values of honesty, humility, and hard work. Kalam’s thirst for knowledge was evident from a young age, and he showed remarkable diligence in his studies.

After completing his school education, Kalam went on to study aerospace engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology. He graduated in 1954 and joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).

Contributions to Space Research

Dr. Abdul Kalam’s contributions to India’s space research and missile development programs are legendary. He played a pivotal role in the development of India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle, SLV-III. The successful launch of Rohini Satellite in 1980 marked a significant milestone for India in the field of space research. Kalam’s dedication and visionary leadership earned him the moniker “The Missile Man of India.”

Kalam’s work on the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) led to the development of several indigenous missiles, including the Agni, Prithvi, and Akash missiles. His efforts not only strengthened India’s defense capabilities but also showcased the country’s technological prowess on the global stage.

Leadership at ISRO

Dr. Kalam’s contributions extended to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), where he served as the Director of Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) and later as the Director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC). His leadership was instrumental in the successful launch of India’s first satellite, Aryabhata, in 1975.

Dr. Kalam’s vision and commitment to space research played a crucial role in transforming ISRO into one of the world’s leading space agencies. His passion for science and innovation inspired countless young minds to pursue careers in space research and technology.

Presidential Tenure

In 2002, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was elected as the President of India, becoming the country’s first scientist to hold the highest constitutional office. His presidency was marked by his emphasis on education, youth empowerment, and technological advancement. He continued to interact with students and educators throughout his tenure, aiming to inspire the youth of the nation.

Kalam’s tenure as President was characterized by his simplicity, humility, and accessibility. He was often referred to as the “People’s President” for his close connection with the citizens of India. He used his position to advocate for education and the development of rural areas.

Vision for a Developed India

One of Dr. Kalam’s most significant contributions to the nation was his vision for a developed India. He outlined his vision in the book “India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium.” In this book, he emphasized the importance of sustainable development, technological innovation, and inclusive growth.

Kalam believed that India had the potential to become a developed nation by the year 2020, provided it focused on key areas such as education, healthcare, infrastructure, and economic growth. He called upon the youth of India to take up the responsibility of achieving this vision and becoming the leaders of tomorrow.

Legacy and Inspiration

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians and people around the world. His life story is a testament to the power of determination and hard work in achieving one’s dreams. He firmly believed that with the right values, education, and dedication, anyone could overcome obstacles and contribute to the progress of society.

Kalam’s speeches and interactions with students are particularly cherished. He encouraged young minds to dream big, set ambitious goals, and work tirelessly to achieve them. His famous quote, “Dream, dream, dream. Dreams transform into thoughts, and thoughts result in action,” has become a mantra for countless individuals pursuing their aspirations.


In conclusion, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was a visionary, a scientist, a leader, and above all, a true patriot. His life and achievements are a source of inspiration for students and aspiring writers participating in essay writing competitions. His unwavering commitment to the progress of India and his vision for a developed nation continue to guide us towards a brighter future. Dr. Kalam’s legacy lives on, reminding us that with dedication, knowledge, and a strong sense of purpose, we can overcome challenges and make a positive impact on society and the world.

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