Essay on Dusshera

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor across various parts of India and the world. It marks the victory of good over evil and is observed on the tenth day of the Hindu lunar month of Ashvin, which typically falls in September or October. This essay delves into the origins, significance, and ways Dussehra is celebrated, aiming to provide a comprehensive understanding of this vibrant festival.

Origins and Significance

The festival of Dussehra has its roots in ancient Hindu scriptures and mythology, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil. The most popular legend associated with Dussehra is from the epic Ramayana, which narrates the story of Lord Rama’s victory over the demon king Ravana. According to the epic, Ravana kidnapped Sita, Lord Rama’s wife, leading to a fierce battle in Lanka (present-day Sri Lanka). After a prolonged battle, Lord Rama, with the help of his loyal devotee Hanuman and an army of monkeys, defeated Ravana on the tenth day, which is celebrated as Dussehra. This victory symbolizes the victory of righteousness and truth over deceit and evil.

Celebrations Across India

Dussehra is celebrated in diverse ways across India, each region adding its unique flavor and tradition to the festivities.

  • North India: In the northern states, the festival is predominantly celebrated as the victory of Lord Rama over Ravana. Effigies of Ravana, along with his brother Kumbhkaran and son Meghnath, are burnt in open fields, symbolizing the burning away of evil. The event is often accompanied by fireworks, folk dances, and music. The Ramleela, a dramatic re-enactment of scenes from the Ramayana, is a significant attraction during the Dussehra celebrations, drawing large crowds.
  • Western India: In Gujarat, Dussehra coincides with Navratri, a nine-night festival dedicated to the worship of Goddess Durga. People celebrate by performing Garba and Dandiya Raas, traditional folk dances, through the night. The vibrant costumes and energetic music add to the festive atmosphere.
  • Southern India: In states like Karnataka, Dussehra is known as Dasara and is celebrated with great pomp in Mysore. The Mysore Palace is spectacularly illuminated for the ten days of the festival. A grand procession featuring decorated elephants, camels, and horses is a major highlight, drawing visitors from across the globe.
  • Eastern India: In West Bengal, Dussehra is part of the Durga Puja festivities. Magnificent idols of Goddess Durga depicting her victory over the buffalo demon Mahishasura are worshipped for five days, and on the day of Vijayadashami, these idols are immersed in rivers or water bodies in a ritual called Visarjan.

Cultural Celebrations of Durga Puja

Durga Puja, also known as Durgotsava or Sharadotsav, is a profound and vibrant festival that reverberates with the cultural essence and religious fervor of Hinduism, primarily celebrated in the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Tripura, and Odisha. This festival, which marks the victory of Goddess Durga over the buffalo demon Mahishasura, showcases a unique blend of ritualistic traditions, artistic expression, and community participation, making it a pivotal occasion in the cultural calendar of India and among Indian communities worldwide.

Historical Significance and Mythology

Durga Puja commemorates the mythical tale of Goddess Durga’s descent to earth, her battle against the demon Mahishasura, and her eventual victory, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil. The festival is deeply rooted in Hindu mythology and is celebrated during the lunar month of Ashvin (September-October), culminating in the last five days, which are considered the most auspicious.

Rituals and Practices

The celebration spans ten days, with the last five days being the most significant, including Mahalaya, Shashthi, Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami, and Vijaya Dashami. Each day has its own set of rituals and practices:

  • Mahalaya marks the advent of Durga Puja, with early morning recitations of hymns and mantras inviting the goddess to descend on earth.
  • Shashthi is the day when the goddess is welcomed with great enthusiasm, and the eyes of the idols are painted, symbolizing their spiritual awakening.
  • Maha Saptami sees the unveiling of the goddess’s face and the commencement of the puja rituals.
  • Maha Ashtami includes the recitation of powerful hymns, offering of pushpanjali (flower offerings), and the ritual of Kumari Puja, where a young girl is worshipped as the goddess.
  • Maha Navami is the concluding day of puja, followed by a grand aarti.
  • Vijaya Dashami signifies the end of the festival, where the idols are immersed in water, symbolizing the goddess’s return to her celestial abode.

Cultural Aspects and Celebrations

The cultural dimensions of Durga Puja are vast and varied:

  • Pandal Hopping: The creation of magnificent pandals (temporary structures housing the deity’s idol) is a hallmark of Durga Puja. Artisans and craftsmen showcase their creativity in designing these structures, drawing inspiration from various themes and current events.
  • Art and Craft: The crafting of the Durga idols is an art form passed down through generations. The intricate designs and elaborate decorations reflect the skilled craftsmanship of the artisans.
  • Cuisine: Durga Puja is also a time for gastronomic delights. Streets are lined with food stalls offering a variety of traditional Bengali dishes and sweets, catering to the tastes of millions of visitors.
  • Cultural Programs: Music, dance, and drama performances are organized in community pandals, featuring both classical and contemporary art forms, adding to the festive spirit.
  • Social and Community Participation: Beyond its religious significance, Durga Puja fosters a sense of community and social integration. People of all ages and backgrounds come together to celebrate, transcending social and economic barriers.

Global Celebrations

While Durga Puja is predominantly celebrated in India, its charm and fervor has crossed geographical boundaries. Indian diaspora communities across the globe, including in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, celebrate Durga Puja, making it a global phenomenon. These celebrations not only keep the cultural heritage alive but also introduce these traditions to diverse populations worldwide.

Scientific Reason Behind Dussehra

ussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated at the end of Navratri every year. It marks the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil. Beyond its mythological and religious significance, there are several scientific reasons and natural phenomena that align with the timing and observance of Dussehra, offering insights into the festival’s deep-rooted connection with nature and human well-being.

Lessons from Durga Puja for Students

Durga Puja, with its rich tapestry of culture, mythology, and tradition, offers a plethora of lessons for students, transcending the confines of mere celebration to impart values and insights crucial for personal growth and development. Here are some valuable lessons students can learn from Durga Puja:


In conclusion, Dussehra stands as a beacon of hope, symbolizing the eternal struggle between good and evil and the ultimate victory of good. It is a time for rejoicing, reflection, and renewal of our commitments to follow the path of virtue and righteousness. Celebrated with diverse customs and traditions across India, Dussehra vividly showcases the country’s rich cultural tapestry and unity in diversity. As we partake in the festivities, let us also embrace the deeper significance of Dussehra, striving to overcome the evils within us and in society, paving the way for a more just and moral world.

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