The Role of Mahatma Gandhi in India’s Independence

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Created by: Team English -, Last Updated: May 30, 2024

The Role of Mahatma Gandhi in India’s Independence

Good morning, respected teachers, parents, and my dear friends!

Today, we gather to celebrate Indian Independence Day, a day that marks our nation’s freedom from British rule. As we reflect on this historic occasion, it is essential to remember the pivotal role played by one of our greatest leaders—Mahatma Gandhi. His leadership, principles, and unwavering commitment to non-violence were instrumental in securing India’s independence.

Introduction to Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, fondly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869. He is revered as the “Father of the Nation” for his significant contributions to India’s freedom struggle. Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence (ahimsa) and civil disobedience (satyagraha) became the cornerstone of the Indian independence movement.

Early Life and Influences

Gandhi studied law in England and later worked in South Africa, where he experienced racial discrimination firsthand. These experiences shaped his beliefs and strategies in fighting injustice. He returned to India in 1915 and soon became involved in the struggle for independence.

Key Movements Led by Gandhi

The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922)

Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in response to the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and other atrocities committed by the British. He urged Indians to withdraw their cooperation from the British government by boycotting British goods, institutions, and services. This movement united millions of Indians and marked a significant step towards self-rule.

The Salt March (1930)

One of Gandhi’s most iconic acts of civil disobedience was the Salt March in 1930. To protest the British monopoly on salt production and sales, Gandhi led a 240-mile march to the Arabian Sea, where he made salt from seawater. This act of defiance inspired millions of Indians to join the fight against British rule and highlighted the power of non-violent resistance.

The Quit India Movement (1942)

In 1942, Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement, demanding an end to British rule. He called for mass civil disobedience, urging Indians to “Do or Die” in their quest for freedom. The British responded with arrests and violence, but the movement intensified the call for independence and demonstrated the Indian people’s resolve to achieve self-rule.

Gandhi’s Philosophy of Non-Violence

Gandhi’s commitment to non-violence was central to his approach. He believed that non-violent resistance was not only morally superior but also more effective in the long run. His principles of truth (satya) and non-violence inspired countless Indians to join the independence movement and adopt peaceful methods of protest.

Legacy and Impact

Gandhi’s leadership and philosophy left an indelible mark on India and the world. His methods influenced numerous global leaders and movements, including Martin Luther King Jr. and the American Civil Rights Movement. Gandhi’s vision for an independent India was not just political freedom but also social and economic justice for all.


As we celebrate Independence Day, let us remember the immense contributions of Mahatma Gandhi. His unwavering commitment to non-violence, truth, and justice paved the way for India’s freedom. Gandhi’s legacy continues to inspire us to fight for our rights and uphold the values of peace and equality.

Thank you for your attention, and Jai Hind!

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