APA Outline Examples in PDF

If you’re a beginner in writing a research paper or an essay and your instructor asked you to use the APA format, you may not have the faintest idea what APA means, let alone use the format. If your instructor gives you the APA guidelines then good for you. If they haven’t, don’t panic. You’re going through the perfect article that will help you get acquainted and familiarize the APA format outline. You may also see essay outline.

Most college students or teachers who are majoring in social sciences, such as Psychology, Sociology, History, Linguistics, use the American Psychological Association or APA guidelines for writing research papers and assignments in this field of study. Other fields of study also use the APA format but not limited to Business, Economics, Nursing, and Criminology. The APA covers the initial title page to bibliography citation page. APA basically provides the basic layout style and outline to correctly write your paper in the APA format. Of course, other formats are also used by researchers, students, and teachers such as MLA, Harvard, etc. You may also see free outline.

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Basic Format to Follow in APA outline

Follow this format to avoid errors and more revisions in your research paper or essay.

  • The margins of your paper should be one inch from all sides; left, right, bottom, and top.
  • Your font style should be Times New Roman.
  • Your font size should be 12 pt.
  • Your paragraph space should be double-spaced. Don’t use single-spaced paragraphs. One reason for this is that your research paper will not look cramped; it is neat and organized to look at. You may also see thesis outline.
  • The first page of your outline should also contain your name, your guide/instructor/professor, the title of your paper, your course and the date you submitted your paper. You may also see script outline.

Some word applications such as Microsoft word and Kingsoft Office has features mentioned above to help you in formatting your research paper or essay.

APA Outline Examples

Looking at the basic APA outline format guidelines and examples, do not forget that:

  • The Roman numerals are used for the main headings in your outline (I, II, III, IV).
  • Capital letters are used for the sub-headings (A, B, C, D, E).
  • For your sub-headings in your first subheadings, you should use Arab numerals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5.
  • Lowercase letters for more subheadings, if applicable use a, b, c, d, e.
  • If you need another subheading under the one mentioned above, use Arab numerals in parenthesis. (1), (2), (3), (4), (5).

If this seems baffling, refer to the examples of APA outline formats below.

Radio Outline Format Example

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APA Style Template Example

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APA Essay Outline Example

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Writing an APA outline format

Having a good outline has more chances of you presenting a well-written research paper or essay. Making an APA outline is the first thing to do in creating a structure on what will be written in the paper and how it is written. There is a grammatical format that you have to follow while writing your paper to make it sound credible. Having a sloppy grammar makes your paper less impressive. Here are some tips:

1. Observe the use of parallelism.

Parallelism means the use of consecutive verbal constructions in a sentence that corresponds to grammatical structure. In this format, this refers to the structure between the headings and sub-headings. Once you’ve established your structure, it must be consistent with all your headings and subheadings. If you start your headings with a verb, then your subheadings should start with a verb. If you use a noun, then all your headings and sub-headings must use nouns. You may also see write a speech outline.

Example:

Your headings are: “Choose Companies” and “Prepare Resume”.  The words “choose” and “prepare” are both verbs. Now you must make sure to make your other headings and sub-headings have verbs in them.

Your sub-headings are: “Visit and evaluate companies offices” and “Visit and evaluate companies websites”.

See the consistent use of verb? That is parallelism.

2. The use of coordination is vital between your headings.

All your headings must be equal in significance or importance of each other. The rule applies to sub-headings as well, but their information may be less significant than the headings. You may also see speech outline.

Example:

I. Choose Companies

A. Visit and evaluate companies offices.

B. Visit and evaluate companies websites.

1. Look for positions, benefits, and salary.

2. Note important reviews from employees from review sites.

3. Make use of subordination.

Subordination is the relationship between the headings and the sub-headings. The headings usually have general information while the information contained in the sub-headings are more specific, and so on to more sub-headings. The subordination is created using Arabic numerals. You may also see program outline.

Example:

A. Describe an ideal man

1. Hollywood Celebrity

2. Acquaintance

See that the category of ideal man is general and Hollywood celebrity and acquaintance are quite specific.

4. To organize your outline you should use division.

Each heading must have at least two or three divisions. However, if you have too many divisions, you need to use another heading or sub-heading. You may also see biography outline.

Example:

A. Prepare resume

1. List educational attainments.

2. List work experience.

3. List volunteer experience.

5. Your headings should always use Roman Numerals (I, II, III, etc.) when you list them.

For example, if you are writing a research for The Foundation of Mugs, your heading must look like this:

I. The Foundation of Mugs

Don’t forget to always use Roman Numerals while writing your main headings. Your heading is the first and basic step in formatting your APA outline. You may also see chapter outline.

6. Next is the subheading.

The subheading follows the main heading. When listing them use a capital letter of the English alphabet. In the example above, your heading was “The Foundation of Mugs”. Suppose your subheading is “History of Mugs” then it should be listed using the English alphabet. Start with the capital letter A. You may also see presentation outline.

Example:

A. History of Mugs

Hence your headings and subheadings must look like this:

I. Foundation of Mugs.
A. History of Mugs.

7. Add more than one subheading to your main heading

If you like to add more than one subheading to your main heading, just by adding the next English alphabet in capital letters in the next subheading. Example: If you like to add a second subheading to your main heading, “Foundation of Mugs”, you may write this:

B. Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society

Your heading and subheading will look like this:

I. Foundation of Mugs
A. History of Mugs
B. Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society

Use Arab numerals (1,2,3 and so on). If you want to add another subheading “Decoration” under the heading B, you may write it like this:

1.  Decoration

Your outline would now look something like this:

I. Foundation of Mugs
A.History of Mugs
B. Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society
1. Decoration

Finally, if there are still more subheadings you want to add under your last subheading, use lower case letters. If there are still subheadings you want to add under the last subheading, use Arab numerals in parenthesis. You may also see course outline.

 Example:

I. Foundation of Mugs
A.History of Mugs
B. Designs and Functions of Mugs to the Society
1. Decoration
a. Transfer Printing
(1) Method of Transfer Printing

The Importance of Public Control: Sample Outline

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I Wll Build My Church: Sample APA Outline

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The Purdue OWL: Sample APA Outline

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Using an APA format as your outline might be confusing at first but once you have familiarize yourself with the format, then it is easier for you to organize your topics and sub-topics you want to discuss in your essay or research paper. You may also see book outline.

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