Music Instrument Names

Last Updated: May 7, 2024

Music Instrument Names

Embark on a melodious journey through the world of music with our comprehensive guide to musical instrument names. From the resonant strings of the violin to the vibrant beats of the drum, discover the vast array of instruments that create the symphony of life. This guide is your passport to understanding the tools that artists use to weave emotions into sound, making it a must-read for enthusiasts, learners, and connoisseurs of the musical arts.

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List of Music Instrument Names This Image

Dive into the diverse universe of musical instruments, each with its unique timbre and role in the orchestration of melodies. From the delicate pluck of a harp to the robust blare of a trumpet, this collection unveils the vast ensemble that musicians command. Whether it’s the rhythmic allure of percussion, the soulful serenades of stringed instruments, the expressive arcs of woodwinds, or the commanding presence of brass, each instrument contributes to the rich tapestry of sound that defines cultures, traditions, and emotions across the globe.

Violin Flute Trumpet Drum Kit
Viola Clarinet Trombone Marimba
Cello Oboe French Horn Congas
Double Bass Bassoon Tuba Timpani
Harp Saxophone Cornet Xylophone
Guitar Piccolo Bugle Bongos
Ukulele Recorder Flugelhorn Cajón
Mandolin English Horn Euphonium Djembe
Banjo Bass Clarinet Sousaphone Tambourine
Sitar Contrabassoon Baritone Horn Vibraphone
Lute Alto Flute Mellophone Snare Drum
Lyre Tenor Sax Wagner Tuba Castanets
Zither Soprano Sax Cornett Glockenspiel
Dulcimer Bass Saxophone Serpent Steel Drums
Balalaika Ocarina Alto Horn Triangle
Shamisen Pan Flute Piccolo Trumpet Bodhrán
Erhu Bagpipes Herald Trumpet Guiro
Guzheng Clarinette d’amour Baroque Trumpet Claves
Koto Tarogato Roman Tubas Surdo
Veena Fife Keyed Bugle Agogô
Sarod Sheng Natural Horn Frame Drum
Rebab Bass Flute Alphorn Hang Drum
Pipa Heckelphone Sackbut Cajita
Gayageum Aulos Cornu Slit Drum
Domra Duduk Post Horn Log Drum

Different Types of Musical Instruments

1. String Instruments This Image

String instruments produce melodious sounds through the vibration of strings, offering a wide range of tones from deep cellos to bright violins. They are central to orchestras, ensembles, and solo performances, enchanting audiences with their harmonious and expressive capabilities.

  1. Violin: A high-pitched, versatile instrument often leading in orchestras.
  2. Viola: Slightly larger than a violin with a deeper, mellower sound.
  3. Cello: Known for its rich, resonant tone in the lower register.
  4. Double Bass: The largest string instrument, providing deep bass notes.
  5. Harp: A large instrument with strings perpendicular to the soundboard.
  6. Guitar: A popular instrument in various music genres, played by strumming.
  7. Ukulele: A small, four-stringed instrument with a cheerful tone.
  8. Mandolin: A small, lute-like instrument with a bright, ringing sound.
  9. Banjo: Features a distinctive twang, often used in folk and country music.
  10. Sitar: A plucked instrument from India, known for its complex sound.

2. Woodwind Instruments This Image

Woodwind instruments enchant with their breathy, nuanced tones, ranging from the deep timbre of bassoons to the lively trills of flutes. They are integral to orchestras and bands, adding color and depth to musical arrangements.

  1. Flute: Produces clear, piercing tones through breath across a mouthpiece.
  2. Clarinet: Known for its flexible range and warm, woody timbre.
  3. Oboe: Delivers a piercing, somewhat nasal tone, often playing melodies.
  4. Bassoon: Provides a rich, deep voice to woodwind sections.
  5. Saxophone: A versatile instrument used in jazz, classical, and pop.
  6. Piccolo: A small flute that plays an octave higher, adding brightness.
  7. Recorder: A simple, flute-like instrument, often used in education.
  8. English Horn: Similar to an oboe but with a lower pitch.
  9. Bass Clarinet: A larger clarinet with a deep, mellow sound.
  10. Contrabassoon: The largest woodwind, offering the lowest pitches.

3. Brass Instruments This Image

Brass instruments command attention with their bold, resonant sounds, from the triumphant blasts of trumpets to the deep sonority of tubas. They are staples in orchestral, band, and jazz settings, known for their powerful projection and dynamic range.

  1. Trumpet: A staple in many genres, known for its brilliant, clear sound.
  2. Trombone: Uses a slide to change pitch, offering a rich, full tone.
  3. French Horn: Known for its smooth, mellow sound and wide range.
  4. Tuba: The largest brass instrument, providing foundational bass notes.
  5. Cornet: Similar to a trumpet but with a mellower tone.
  6. Flugelhorn: Offers a softer, more rounded sound than a trumpet.
  7. Euphonium: A tenor-baritone brass with a warm, lyrical quality.
  8. Bugle: A bugle is a simple brass instrument typically used for military signals or ceremonial purposes
  9. Baritone Horn: A versatile instrument with a deep, rich sound.
  10. Mellophone: Used in marching bands to replace the French horn.

4. Keyboard Instruments This Image

Keyboard instruments dazzle with their ability to produce a broad range of notes and timbres, from the majestic sound of grand pianos to the eclectic tones of synthesizers. They are pivotal in composition, performance, and accompaniment, offering unparalleled versatility.

  1. Piano: A cornerstone of classical and popular music, known for its dynamic range.
  2. Organ: Capable of producing a wide range of sounds, from soft to grandiose.
  3. Synthesizer: An electronic instrument that generates diverse sounds and effects.
  4. Accordion: A portable instrument, producing sound by compressing air through reeds.
  5. Harpsichord: Known for its plucked, rather than hammered, strings.
  6. Clavichord: A quiet instrument where strings are struck by tangents.
  7. Celesta: Produces a bell-like sound, used for ethereal musical effects.
  8. Electric Piano: An electronic variant of the piano, offering various timbres.
  9. Digital Piano: Mimics the sound and feel of acoustic pianos electronically.
  10. Mellotron: An early keyboard sampler used for orchestral and choir sounds.

List of Music Instrument Names starting from A-Z

Music Instrument Names starting with A

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Accordion Acoustic Guitar
Autoharp Alphorn
Agogô Archlute
Arpeggione Alto Saxophone
Ajaeng Angklung
Appalachian Dulcimer Aeolian Harp

Music Instrument Names starting with B

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Banjo Bassoon
Bass Guitar Bongo Drums
Bagpipes Balalaika
Bandoneon Baritone Saxophone
Bass Clarinet Bugle
Bodhrán Baroque Flute
Bouzouki Bass Trombone
Bombarde Bayan
Bandura Bass Drum

Music Instrument Names starting with C

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Clarinet Cello
Cornet Conga
Clavichord Celesta
Cajón Castanets
Contrabassoon Chapman Stick
Cor Anglais Cuíca
Cymbals Claves
Crumhorn Charango
Cabasa Cornamuse

Music Instrument Names starting with D

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Drum Kit Djembe
Double Bass Dulcimer
Didgeridoo Dizi
Darbuka Dholak
Dombra Duduk
Daegum Daxophone
Doumbek Dejembe
Dhol Divje Babe Flute
Dulciana Daire

Music Instrument Names starting with E

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Electric Guitar Erhu
Euphonium English Horn
Electric Violin Electronic Drums
Esraj Eb Clarinet
Ektara Edge Flute
Electronic Keyboard Elathalam
Electric Cello Ekwe
Euphona Ektar
Electric Bass Ewi

Music Instrument Names starting with F

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Flute French Horn
Fiddle Flugelhorn
Fife Frame Drum
Fortepiano Fujara
Flügelhorn Finger Cymbals
Friction Drum Flexatone
Flabiol Fretless Bass
Fiscorn Fue
Flumpet Free Reed Pipe

Music Instrument Names starting with G

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Guitar Glockenspiel
Guzheng Guiro
Goblet Drum Guqin
Gayageum Ghatam
Gongs Gemshorn
Glass Harp Ghaychak
Gittern Gralla
Gaida Gudok
Guan Galoubet
Gadulka Glass Armonica

Music Instrument Names starting with H

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Harp Harmonica
Horn Hurdy-gurdy
Harpsichord Handbells
Hang Hammered Dulcimer
Hardanger Fiddle Haegeum
Harmonium Harp Guitar
Heckelphone Hichiriki
Huqin Hydraulophone
Hornpipe Hulusi
Harpejji Handpan

Music Instrument Names starting with I

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Irish Bouzouki Igil
Italian Harp Irish Flute
Ipu Inci
Ichigenkin Ilimba
Israj Inanga
Idaiko Ingungu
Ikembe Irish Uilleann Pipes
Iyatik Indian Santoor
Illimba Ipu Heke

Music Instrument Names starting with J

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Jembe Jug
Jaw Harp Janggu
Joropo Maracas Jinghu
Jal Tarang Jarana Huasteca
Jouhikko Jingle Bells
Jaltarang Jarana Jarocha
Jing Janggo
Jiangnan Sizhu Jiaohu
Joruri Jirba

Music Instrument Names starting with K

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Koto Kalimba
Keytar Kora
Kazoo Kamancheh
Kemence Kanun
Khim Khol
Kithara Kokyu
Konghou Kaval
Krar Khene
Kudu Horn Koauau
Kabosy Komungo

Music Instrument Names starting with L

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Lute Lyre
Lap Steel Guitar Lur
Laud Lithophone
Luqin Launeddas
Langeleik Lusheng
Low Whistle Lojki
Lali Lirone
Lute Guitar Limbe
Lanat Lotus Flute
Laruan Lusheng

Music Instrument Names starting with M

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Mandolin Marimba
Melodica Mbira
Mandola Morin Khuur
Mouth Harp Mridangam
Maracas Mountain Dulcimer
Matouqin Musette
Mandocello Mellophone
Metallophone Mizmar
Mezzo-Soprano Saxophone Mbila
Marimbula Marching Bells

Music Instrument Names starting with N

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Nyckelharpa Naqareh
Nose Flute Ngoni
Ney Natural Horn
Northumbrian Smallpipes Nyatiti
Nadaswaram Nagadou Daiko
Nickelharpa Nose Whistle
Nai Nagoya Harp
Nyahbinghi Drums Nabal
Nyckelharpa Nobat

Music Instrument Names starting with O

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Oboe Ocarina
Organ Octobass
Oud Otamatone
Ophicleide Ocean Drum
Orchestral Bells Odaiko
Organetto Okónkolo
Overtone Flute Olifant
Oktavist Onavillu
Omele Oktav Guitar

Music Instrument Names starting with P

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Piano Piccolo
Pan Flute Pipe Organ
Percussion Psaltery
Pungi Pandeiro
Pedal Steel Guitar Pipa
Pochette Pan Pipes
Pennywhistle Paraguayan Harp
Portative Organ Piano Accordion
Psalmodikon Pellet Drum
Puili Puk

Music Instrument Names starting with Q

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Qin Quena
Qanun Quinton
Quattro Qing
Quena Quintero
Quijada Quiribillo

Music Instrument Names starting with R

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Recorder Rebab
Ruan Repinique
Rainstick Rhodes Piano
Requinto Riq
Rubab Rackett
Rudra Veena Rondador
Rumba Box Rotary Trumpet
Ruan Russian Guitar
Ranat Resonator Guitar
Rattle Rag Dun

Music Instrument Names starting with S

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Saxophone Sitar
Synthesizer Steel Drums
Sarod Shamisen
Snare Drum Santur
Sousaphone Shehnai
Saz Surdo
Saw Duang Soprano Saxophone
Slide Guitar Spoons
Suling Serpent
Swiss Hand Bells Samba Whistle

Music Instrument Names starting with T

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Trombone Trumpet
Tabla Timpani
Theremin Tuba
Triangle Tambourine
Tres Taiko
Tenor Saxophone Tiple
Tromba Marina Tanpura
Tom-Tom Tabor
Tsugaru Shamisen Tar
Turkish Oud Teponaztli

Music Instrument Names starting with U

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Ukulele Udu
Upright Piano Uilleann Pipes
Upright Bass Uğurlama
Ud Ululation Stick
Ugal Usu
Uhadi Unaunahi
Uchiwa-Daiko Urumee
Utar Ulos

Music Instrument Names starting with V

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Violin Viola
Vibraphone Veena
Vuvuzela Vihuela
Viola da Gamba Valiha
Violotta Vertical Flute
Vichitra Veena Vanatu
Video Game Console Vargan
Vioara cu goarnă Vessel Flute
Virginal Vocoder
Vogel Flute Venova

Music Instrument Names starting with W

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Wind Chimes Whistle
Woodblock Washboard
Wurlitzer Piano Wagner Tuba
Wheelharp Wind Synthesizer
Water Drum Walking Piano
Willow Flute Wind Controller
Wavedrum Welsh Harp
Washtub Bass Wind Machine
Whamola Wooden Agogô
Wuhan Gong Whirly Tube

Music Instrument Names starting with X

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Xylophone Xylorimba
Xiaoluo Xun
Xaphoon Xylotar
Xalam Xuquer
Xecutioner Ximbau
Ximbica Xylo-marimba
Xingkui Xaphoon Bamboo Sax
Xylodrum Xylotamb
Xylorimba Xanadu Flute

Music Instrument Names starting with Y

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Yangqin Yaylı Tanbur
Yuke Yidaki
Yaylı Tambur Yanchin
Yazh Yotar
Yinfu Yu
Yokobue Yehu
Yotar Yngling
Yūgen bells Yalili Yalila

Music Instrument Names starting with Z

Instrument Name Instrument Name
Zhonghu Zither
Zurna Zhu
Zampoña Zabumba
Zil Zampogna
Zhuihu Zanfona
Zadar Zilzal
Zhaleyka Zhongruan
Zampogna Zumbador
Zigil Zurla
Zanza Zufolo

What is the most famous music instrument?

The world of music is vast and diverse, with countless instruments that have captivated audiences and musicians alike. Among these, certain instruments stand out for their popularity or rarity.

The Piano is often hailed as the most famous music instrument, renowned for its versatility and ubiquity across various music genres. Here’s why:

  • Versatility: The piano can produce a wide range of tones, from powerful chords to delicate melodies, making it suitable for solo performances, accompaniments, and compositions.
  • Ubiquity: Found in concert halls, schools, and homes, the piano is a staple in music education and performance.
  • Historical Significance: With a rich history dating back to the 18th century, the piano has been central to the development of Western music, from classical to jazz and pop.

What is the most rare musical instrument?

The Hydraulophone stands out as one of the most rare musical instruments. It is unique for its method of sound production:

  • Water-Powered: Unlike most instruments, the hydraulophone produces sound through the manipulation of water, making it a distinctive and rare sight.
  • Sensory Experience: It offers a multi-sensory experience, combining touch, sight, and sound, as musicians press water-filled keys to create music.
  • Innovative Design: The hydraulophone’s innovative design and the rarity of water-based instruments contribute to its uniqueness in the musical world.

Both the piano and the hydraulophone highlight the diversity and innovation present in the world of musical instruments, from the most familiar to the exceptionally rare.

What is the most difficult instrument to play?

The difficulty or ease of learning a musical instrument can vary greatly depending on the individual’s natural aptitude, dedication, and musical background. However, there are instruments commonly regarded as challenging to master and others considered more accessible to beginners.

  • Violin:
    • Requires precise finger placement for intonation.
    • Bowing technique demands control and finesse.
    • Producing a pleasing sound takes considerable practice.
    • Reading complex music while playing adds to the challenge.

Which is the easiest instrument to learn?

Each instrument presents unique challenges and rewards, shaping the musical journey in distinct ways. Whether tackling the complex violin or embracing the friendly ukulele, the key to mastery lies in consistent practice and a passion for music

  • Ukulele:
    • Small size and fewer strings make it manageable.
    • Simple chord structures facilitate quick learning.
    • Strumming patterns are straightforward, ideal for beginners.
    • Popular in various music genres, offering versatility.

In conclusion, exploring the realm of music instrument names uncovers a symphony of cultural heritage, craftsmanship, and artistic expression. From the resonant strings of the violin to the melodic breath of the flute, each instrument carries a unique voice that contributes to the diverse tapestry of global music. This journey through musical nomenclature not only enriches our understanding but also celebrates the universal language of music that connects us all

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Different Types of Musical Instruments

List of Music Instrument Names starting from A-Z