By nature, we seldom like to make comparisons of the things around us. But what is the point of doing so? There is what we call the classification analogy. Through this, we are able to compare things not just to show but also to provide an explanation of the comparison. It is important to make a valid point to the way you compare two things, place, person or phenomena.
Analogy, in general, sees things differently through a comparison which enables you to explain an idea between two or more terms. This is sometimes used as a literary device to provide a deep meaning into literary texts. It also provides a connection between the text and the readers because it allows them to create a certain scenario that could expand their imagination.
This is an example of an analogy from the play Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare.
“Her beauty is on the face of the night, like a jewel in the ear of Ethiop.”
On the other hand, a classification analogy is a comparison of different terms to know what group they actually belong to. You can determine the kind of relationship between the pairs of words. By then, you are to provide the exact classification of such. Classification can be done in many methods. It can be done based on its nature, traits, quantity, size, texture and so on.
For example: A dog is a mammal, while a crocodile is a reptile.
Dog: Mammal:: Crocodile: Reptile
– Establish a relationship between two terms to identify what term is missing
– Assess the relationship of the first pair of words
– The colon symbol “:” is read as “is to”. Read the analogies in a sentence form.
– Before choosing a solution, try to go through the answer options first.
– Those that do not have pairs should not be included.
– If a relationship is not familiar to you, go back to the entire text you came across with.
– You have the option to replace it with another alternative explanation.
Always remember that in a classification analogy, there are pairs of words that follow the same properties except for only one. It is required to identify the classification of the paired words and determine the one that is not included. Understand the relationship of the groups and assess if you can construct a sentence from those relationship. It is always better to deeply describe or explain the relationship of the two groups.
There are also subcategories of classification analogies.
– Which refers to a term that represents a class and the other term represents an example of that specific class.
For example: Genus: Kingdom:: (spermatphyta, order, phylum, chloroplasts): Plantae
In sentence: Genus is to Kingdom while Spermatphyta is to Plantae.
– Refers to the terms that belong to the same category
For example: Kitchen: Cabin:: Patio: Cockpit
Kitchen and patio are both parts of the house. Cabin and cockpit are both parts of an aircraft.
– A term is a part of the other.
For example: Centimeters: Milliliter: Meters: (ounce, kilogram, liter, kilometer)
Meters are equal to a hundred centimeters. Milliliter is equal to a thousand liters.
There is an analogy question which serves the same purpose which is to make comparison of the relationship between objects, place, person or phenomena.
We have the Object and Classification Analogies, Object and Group Analogy, Object and Related Object Analogies, Cause and effect Analogy and many more.
Yes. This is called Opposite Analogy where you are going to become straightforward and compare things that are exactly opposite to the other.
Through classification analogy, several things which are completely different from one another are being put into comparison. Even metaphors and similes as part of the figures of speech are used to make an analogy but the only thing is that an analogy is more specific than metaphor and simile.