Negative Reinforcement – Examples, PDF


You leave the house early on Monday morning to avoid getting delayed in traffic and being late for work. To avoid getting delayed, the person has learned to wake up and leave their house early, this is a succinct example of negative reinforcement.

1. Positive and Negative Reinforcement

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2. Negative Reinforcement Theories of Addiction

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3. Steps for Implementation Negative Reinforcement

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4. List of Examples of Negative Reinforcement

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5. Effects of Combining Positive and Negative Reinforcement

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6. Effects of Differential Negtive Reinforcement of Task

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7. Influence of Negative Reinforcement

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8. Punishment or Negative Reinforcement

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9. Efficacy of Differential Negative Reinforcement

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10. Pending Principle of Negative Reinforcement

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11. Comparing Effects of Negative Reinforcement

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12. Negative Reinforcement in Relationship

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13. Examples of Negative Reinforcement

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14. Negative Reinforcement Strategies

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What Is Negative Reinforcement 

Negative reinforcement is a mode of operant conditioning that puts an end to, gets rid of, or avoids a bad outcome or an unpleasant stimulus, a response or behavior is enhanced.

If you want to know more about negative reinforcement or want to have a list of negative reinforcement, you may read any of the PDFs that talk about the influence of negative reinforcement, the efficacy of negative reinforcement, the negative reinforcement in relationships, and other articles in the links above.

How to Use Negative Reinforcement for Conditioning

Negative reinforcement is one of the most effective ways to conduct operant conditioning on a person or an animal. This is because the conditioned stimulus or behavior is immediately reinforced, due to the reliance on the quick relief of the negative effects brought about by the behavior or situation. The steps to implement negative reinforcement can be easily done by anyone.

1.) Find the Observable Behavior or Situation to Reinforce

Operant conditioning requires behavior that has been learned or observed by another person. This is because operant conditioning cannot induce a behavior but instead, controls said behavior. Begin by finding an observable behavior you want to reinforce.

2.) Determine the Various Stimuli and Factors at Play

After finding the observable behavior, you must then determine the various stimuli and outside factors surrounding the behavior or situation. This will help determine whether negative reinforcement is the most effective mode of operant conditioning.

3.) Discern How the Behavior or Situation Affects the Person

After determining the various things at play surrounding the observable behavior, you must now discern how the behavior or situation affects the person. Negative reinforcement is only effective when the behavior or situation negatively affects the person. If the behavior or situation positively affects the person, then positive reinforcement is more effective in this situation.

4.) Apply the Conditioning Behavior, Action, or Stimuli to Remove the Offending Behavior or Situation

When you have discerned and noted that the behavior or situation harms the person, then you must apply the conditioned behavior, action, or stimuli to remove the negative effect brought about by the offending behavior or situation. The lesser the waiting time for the relief will make the negative reinforcement more effective.

FAQs

What are common examples of negative reinforcement?

There are many common negative reinforcement examples that someone can do to themselves, and even in households. When the alarm clock or a person’s phone blares something loud to wake them up, they will find that noise annoying and forces them to wake up. Afterward, the person will form behavior to stop or take away the annoying noise by stopping the alarm. This behavior is formed as a reaction to taking away something detrimental to the person, Parents often nag their children to do specific chores in the home, which stops when a child does the chore their parents are nagging them about. Later on, if this happens enough times the child will begin cleaning on their own to avoid the nagging of their parents. The formation of this behavior is an example of negative reinforcement.

Positive vs. negative reinforcement; what is the difference between positive and negative reinforcement?

Positive reinforcement is a mode of operant conditioning that focuses on the addition of specific stimuli to increase the likelihood or probability of the occurrence of a specific behavior. While negative reinforcement is a mode of operant conditioning that focuses on the taking away of specific stimuli to increase the likelihood or probability of the occurrence of a specific behavior. The main difference between both of these modes is the adding and removing of a specific stimulus from the environment to increase the frequency of the action or behavior. Just note that negative reinforcement is not the same as positive punishment which adds stimuli (An insult or a punishment) to decrease the frequency of the action or behavior.

Is negative reinforcement effective?

Like all the modes of operant conditioning, the effectiveness of negative reinforcement lynches on the quality of factors. These factors include the quality of the conditioning, the effect of the removed stimuli, the reception of the person or animal being conditioned, and the immediateness of the behavior. A couple of these factors can be controlled by the person doing the conditioning. Negative reinforcement has an immediate aftereffect, which makes it perfect for short-term operant conditioning and makes it less effective for longer forms of operant conditioning. The effectivity of negative reinforcement can be predicted if one were to take these specific factors into account.

Negative reinforcement is a form of operant conditioning that focuses on the removal of specific stimuli to reinforce specific behavior. If done correctly, negative reinforcement has immediate and observable effects on the person’s behavior, unlike the rest of the types of operant conditioning. 

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