A financial analyst is someone who evaluates the financial condition of a business or a company to decide whether it is an appropriate investment. He/ she makes sure that the financial decisions are taken correctly and is fruitful to the company. Therefore the skills that a financial analyst is expected to possess are :
In this kind of financial analysis, you need to look at the various components of the income statement which is divided into revenue in the form of a percentage.
The horizontal financial analysis is about taking the financial data for several years and then make a comparison with each other to determine the growth rate. This will help the analyst in deciding whether a company is growing or shrinking.
This is one of the most important methods that an analyst uses to assess the performance of a company. The leverage ratios help
To assess the past growth rates, and at the same time analysing the future growth rates is an important part of the job of an analyst.
Profitability analysis is a kind of income statement analysis, in which an analyst analyses how attractive the economics of a business are.
This kind of financial analysis focuses on a company’s capability to meet short term (less than a year) obligations.
This is a kind of financial analysis that helps to know the ways in which a company manages its assets and uses it to originate revenue and cash flow
Cash is the most important element in the finance of any company statement. So an analysts’ job in looking after the cash flow profiles of the companies is very important.
Performing sensitivity analysis helps to know the worst and the best cases that the finance of the company reach or land at. So to build the scenarios and creating the sensitivity analysis is very important.
Ultimately it is the rate of return that the investors or any other financial professionals are focused on, which they can earn on their money. So the assessment of the rate of return on investment is important.
To know the value and the worth of a business is an important task of an analyst. Therefore financial models in Excel are made, to estimate and know the worth of any business.
In this analysis, you compare the actual results to a budget and financial forecasting. It is a very important part of internal planning and the process of budgeting, especially for the people working in the budgeting and the finance departments.
You need to know the activities that are involved in the various production processes of the firm.
Then you need to know the strategies of the company. The quality of the product/ service that the firm is offering, the uniqueness of the product, the profit earned, etc.
The financial professionals must try to make legit assumptions about the future of the firm. The forecast needs to be reasonable and also determine how it is going to affect the cash flows and funding.
An income statement reflects the financial performance of the company. It will also let you know the profit earned during that particular time period. This also helps to know the future performance and the cash flow that might occur in the future.
The balance sheet reflects the company’s assets, liabilities at a specific point in time. For that, you need to know the assets, the liabilities and the equity too.
Through a cash flow statement, you will be able to know the amount of cash that originated in a particular period of time.