All of us have our own personal opinions on today’s issues. Most, if not all of the time, it is often voiced out on social media since it is the easiest platform to engage in discourse among all the other platforms available. But there are also sections found within the paper that expresses the newspaper’s opinion on a certain issue. This is called an editorial.
An editorial reflects the majority vote of the editorial board; the governing body of the newspaper made up of editors and business managers. However, in some cases, the editorial section is not always written by the personnel in the newsroom, but it is written by other personalities who are connected to the newspaper organization. Similar to a persuasive speech, the role of the people writing their opinions on the paper is to convince and persuade their audience to share their point of view in some of today’s issues. Not only are they are meant to influence public opinion, but also to promote critical thinking, and other times to let people to take action on an issue. In essence, an editorial is an opinionated news story.
1. Explain or interpret: This is the kind of editorial that explains the issues, not as the reporter, but through the eyes of an ordinary citizen. In that said editorial, allow the readers to have a full understanding of what society is being faced with today and explain it in such a way that everyone understands what you are trying to say. You may also see training outline.
2. Criticize: Let the venting games begin! One good thing about editorials is that you are granted the freedom to air out your complaints without getting shot at for speaking bad against the government. Although this is a democratic country, please be careful not to add profanity to your article that will just reflect your being unprofessional. While ranting out your complaints to the system, it is also important to indicate the proposed solution you have in mind. The immediate purpose is to get readers to see the problem, not the solution. You may also see rough outline.
3. Persuade: These kinds of editorials immediately present the solution to the issue, and not the problem. Just from the first paragraph alone, the readers are encouraged to take a specific course of action to become part of the solution to that problem. You may also see book outline example.
4. Praise: These are the rarest kind of editorials to be written as these usually commend people for their efforts.
1. Choose a significant topic that might pique the readers curiosity, having a current news angle.
2. Even if you are just going to write an editorial piece, it is important to conduct thorough and detailed research.
3. Keep your opinion short and simple. Present it like a thesis statement.
4. Elaborate the issue like a reporter objectively and explain the issue’s importance to society.
5. Present the opposing viewpoint with facts and quotes from sources.
6. Reject the other side and develop your case using facts, details, figures, quotations. Pick apart the other side’s logic.
7. Concede a point of the opposition. You may also see leadership outline.
8. Try to repeat key words and phrases so that the audience’s memory will be jogged from time to time.
9. Suggest a solution that is not only creative, but out-of-the-box at the same time. Presenting an innovative and unique solution is something encourages critical thinking and a call to action among the members of the audience. You may also see resume outline.
10. After stating the main points in your editorial, make sure to reiterate the whole gist of your piece.
11. Limit your editorial piece to only 500 words. So, learn to make every word count. You may also see project proposal outline.
I. Lead with an Objective Explanation of the Issue/Controversy.
Similar to writing the news, it is always important to start off with the most significant details to the least important. In your opening statement of the editorial, it should answer the questions: who, what, when, where and why as well as how. (i.e. Two areas in the South China Sea are being considered for a “joint exploration” by the Philippines and China…)
II. Present Your Opposition First.
As the writer of the editorial, you then present your own convictions and beliefs that do not sit well with the issue at hand. Identify the people who oppose you (i.e. This means that both the Philippines and China will own the area. Many including myself, do not believe that China will agree to a co-ownership situation of areas which it adamantly claims.)
III. Directly Refute The Opposition’s Beliefs.
From step 2, you can begin it with a transitioning sentence. (i.e. Since SC 57 is clearly within our area, why offer it up for co-ownership should there be a joint exploration of the area? According to the Constitution, the Philippines has the right to benefit from its own exclusive economic zone, as part of its territory. You may also see free outline examples
IV. Give Other, Original Reasons/Analogies
Defend your position by stating your reasons accordingly from the strong to the strongest one. i.e. According to Professor Jay Batongbacal of the University of the Philippines Institute for Maritime Affairs and Law of the Sea, he sees this whole co-ownership thing as giving China too much, too soon. You may also see documentary outline.
V. Conclude With Some Punch.
Present solutions to the said problem or challenge the reader to be informed. i.e. Perhaps the Palace should come up with another explanation of what Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte actually meant when he said that a joint exploration entails co-ownership. As I previously said, any joint thing with China must be written in black and white, even on a stone where disputes are present, if only to make sure everyone is on the same page. You may also see APA outline examples.
On a little side note, even editorials are prone to getting sued by the respective parties mentioned in the story. So, it is important to practice professionalism and ethical writing when voicing out your opinions for the whole public to hear. You may also see tentative outline.