Elements of Poetry

Last Updated: May 24, 2024

Elements of Poetry

Imagine how life would be without poetry. Not a lot of people seem to recognize how poetry has influenced our lives in various ways. It allows us to better understand how language and symbols work creatively with one another. It values the expression of emotions and aesthetics, showing us the world from a different perspective as well. But what exactly adds to the beauty of poetry?

Poetry is composed of various elements which form its structure and meaning. Unlike prose, the content of a piece follows a flow that can create a great impact on the writing template. From its rhythm to the lines of your poem, every poet must learn about these elements in order to create a piece that’s worth remembering.

What is Poetry?

Poetry is a form of literary art that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning. It is a mode of expression that often relies on concise and vivid imagery, metaphor, simile, and symbolism to convey emotions and ideas to the reader or listener. Poetry can encompass a wide range of styles, from the highly structured and traditional forms such as sonnets and haikus to more free-form and modern expressions.

Common Features Of Poetry

  • Imagery: Uses vivid and descriptive language to paint pictures in the reader’s mind, appealing to the senses.
  • Rhythm: The pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language, often giving poetry a musical quality.
  • Rhyme: The repetition of sounds at the ends of words, often used to lend a songlike quality to poems.
  • Meter: A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that defines the rhythm of lines in poetry.
  • Line Breaks: The points at which lines of poetry end, strategically used to create emphasis or affect the poem’s pace.
  • Stanzas: Groupings of lines separated from others by a space, functioning similarly to paragraphs in prose.
  • Figurative Language: Non-literal language, including metaphors, similes, personification, and symbolism, to convey deeper meanings.
  • Sound Devices: Elements such as alliteration, assonance, consonance, and onomatopoeia to enhance the auditory appeal of poetry.
  • Form: The structure of a poem, including its length, pattern, and arrangement, which can vary from fixed forms like sonnets to free verse.
  • Theme: The underlying message or main idea of the poem, often exploring complex issues or emotions.
  • Voice: The distinct style and perspective of the poet, which can range from personal and introspective to observational and narrative.
  • Connotation: The emotional or cultural associations called up by words, beyond their literal meaning, enriching the poem’s layers of meaning.
  • Symbolism: The use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense.
  • Tone: The attitude or mood conveyed by the poet through word choice and style, affecting how the reader perceives the poem.

The Purpose of Poetry: What is Poetry for?

Poetry Serves Multiple Purposes, Including Emotional Expression, Social Commentary, Artistic Pleasure, Cultural Preservation, And Personal Or Collective Reflection. It Connects People Across Time And Space, Offering Insight Into The Human Condition.

  • Emotional Expression: Poetry provides a medium for expressing the depth and breadth of human emotions, from the heights of joy to the depths of sorrow. It allows both the poet and the reader to explore and express feelings in a nuanced and profound way.
  • Storytelling and Preservation of History: Through narrative poetry and epic tales, poetry has served to tell stories, immortalize heroes, and preserve the histories and myths of cultures around the world.
  • Cultural and Social Commentary: Poets often use their work to comment on societal issues, critique cultural norms, and advocate for social change. Poetry can be a powerful tool for raising awareness and inspiring thought and action.
  • Aesthetic Pleasure: The beauty of poetry’s language, its use of rhythm, rhyme, and meter, and its employment of vivid imagery and figurative language, all serve to create an aesthetic experience that can be deeply satisfying and moving.
  • Intellectual Engagement: Poetry challenges readers to think critically and interpret meaning, often delving into complex themes and employing symbolism and metaphor. It engages the intellect and encourages a deeper understanding of language and expression.
  • Personal Connection and Reflection: Poetry can resonate with readers on a personal level, reflecting their own experiences and emotions. It encourages reflection on one’s life, beliefs, and the human condition.
  • Spiritual Exploration: Many poets use poetry to explore and express spiritual beliefs and questions. Poetry can offer insights into the nature of existence, the divine, and the spiritual journey.
  • Therapeutic Benefits: Writing and reading poetry can have therapeutic effects, helping individuals to process emotions, articulate their feelings, and cope with challenges. It can be a form of emotional release and healing.
  • Language and Learning: Poetry enriches language skills by introducing new vocabulary, showcasing the flexibility and beauty of language, and demonstrating the power of concise, impactful expression.
  • Communal and Universal Connection: Poetry has the ability to transcend personal experience, connecting individuals across time and space through shared emotions and experiences. It highlights the universality of the human experience, fostering empathy and understanding.

The Structure Of Poetry

  • Lines: The basic building blocks of poetry, lines can vary in length and are often used to convey meaning, emotion, or a particular rhythmic quality.
  • Stanzas: Groups of lines separated by spaces. Stanzas function similarly to paragraphs in prose, organizing ideas, themes, or images. Common stanza forms include couplets (2 lines), tercets (3 lines), quatrains (4 lines), etc.
  • Meter: The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line. Meter gives poetry a rhythmic structure, with common types including iambic, trochaic, anapestic, and dactylic.
  • Rhyme: The repetition of similar sounding endings in words, typically at the end of lines. Rhyme schemes can vary widely and are often denoted using letters (e.g., ABAB, AABB).
  • Rhyme Scheme: The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.
  • Blank Verse: Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. It maintains a consistent meter but does not use end rhymes.
  • Free Verse: Poetry that does not adhere to a consistent meter or rhyme scheme, allowing for greater flexibility in expression.
  • Repetition: The deliberate reuse of words, phrases, or structures to create emphasis or develop a theme.
  • Enjambment: The continuation of a sentence or clause across a line break, creating a sense of motion and often adding an element of surprise.
  • Caesura: A pause in the middle of a line, often marked by punctuation. Caesuras can add rhythmical variety and emphasize certain words or phrases.
  • Imagery: Descriptive language that appeals to the senses, helping to create vivid pictures in the reader’s mind.
  • Symbolism: The use of symbols to represent ideas or concepts, adding deeper layers of meaning to the poem.
  • Alliteration: The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words close to each other, used to create musical effects.
  • Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds within words close to each other, contributing to the poem’s sound quality.
  • Consonance: The repetition of consonant sounds at the end or in the middle of words, enhancing the poem’s musical texture.
  • Form: The specific structure or design of a poem, influenced by the length of lines, the arrangement of stanzas, and the overall organizing principles. Common forms include sonnets, haikus, odes, and villanelles.

Types of Poetry and Their Characteristics

1. Narrative Poetry

  • Characteristics: Tells a story with a plot, characters, and a setting. It often includes a narrator.
  • Examples: Epics, ballads.

2. Lyric Poetry

  • Characteristics: Expresses personal emotions or thoughts, often in a musical manner. It’s typically short and focuses on a single subject.
  • Examples: Sonnets, odes, elegies.

3. Dramatic Poetry

  • Characteristics: Written in verse to be spoken; it’s like a drama in poem form, involving dialogue among characters.
  • Examples: Dramatic monologues, verse drama.

4. Epic Poetry

  • Characteristics: A lengthy narrative poem, often recounting the heroic deeds and adventures of legendary or historical figures.
  • Examples: “The Iliad” by Homer, “Beowulf.”

5. Sonnet

  • Characteristics: A poem of 14 lines with a specific rhyme scheme and meter (often iambic pentameter). It usually explores themes of love, mortality, and nature.
  • Examples: Shakespearean sonnets, Petrarchan sonnets.

6. Haiku

  • Characteristics: Originating from Japan, it consists of three lines with a syllable pattern of 5-7-5. Haikus often focus on nature and the seasons.
  • Examples: Traditional Japanese haikus.

7. Free Verse

  • Characteristics: Free from limitations of regular meter or rhythm and does not follow a fixed rhyme scheme. It allows for greater flexibility in expression.
  • Examples: Modern poetry by Walt Whitman, T.S. Eliot.

8. Blank Verse

  • Characteristics: Written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. It has a consistent meter with no end rhyme, allowing for natural flow and rhythm.
  • Examples: “Paradise Lost” by John Milton.

9. Ode

  • Characteristics: A formal, often lengthy poem that praises and glorifies an event, individual, or idea. It has a varied but formal structure.
  • Examples: “Ode on a Grecian Urn” by John Keats.

10. Elegy

  • Characteristics: A reflective poem that laments the loss of something or someone. It often explores themes of mourning, loss, and reflection.
  • Examples: “In Memoriam A.H.H.” by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.

11. Villanelle

  • Characteristics: A nineteen-line poetic form with a strict pattern of repetition and a rhyme scheme of ABA ABA ABA ABA ABA ABAA.
  • Examples: “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night” by Dylan Thomas.

12. Sestina

  • Characteristics: A poem of six six-line stanzas followed by a three-line stanza (tercet), where the end words of the first stanza recur in a fixed pattern in the subsequent stanzas.
  • Examples: “Sestina” by Elizabeth Bishop.

13. Ballad

  • Characteristics: A narrative poem that is meant to be sung. Ballads contain a simple meter and rhyme scheme, and they often tell stories of folklore or romance.
  • Examples: Ancient folk ballads, “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

The Most Important Elements Of Poetry

8 Elements of Poetry

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Element Description
Imagery Creates vivid pictures in the reader’s mind through descriptive language that appeals to the senses.
Sound Includes rhyme, rhythm, alliteration, assonance, and onomatopoeia, contributing to the poem’s auditory beauty.
Form and Structure The physical layout of the poem, including stanza arrangement and line length, which influences meaning and impact.
Meter and Rhythm The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line, providing a beat or tempo.
Rhyme Scheme The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines, enhancing musicality and memorability.
Line and Stanza Lines are the basic building blocks of poetry, and stanzas are grouped sets of lines, affecting pace and thematic breaks.
Figurative Language Uses metaphors, similes, personification, and hyperbole for meanings beyond the literal, enriching interpretation.
Theme The central idea or underlying message conveyed by the poem, reflecting on human experiences and emotions.
Tone and Mood The poet’s attitude toward the subject or reader (tone) and the emotional effect on the audience (mood).
Symbolism The use of symbols to represent ideas or concepts, adding depth and layers of meaning.
Diction The selection of words and their connotations, affecting the poem’s tone, mood, and imagery.

Tips For Teaching The Elements Of Poetry

Teaching the elements of poetry can be a rewarding experience, fostering a deep appreciation for the art form among students. Here are some tips to effectively teach these elements:

1. Start with Reading

  • Expose Students to a Wide Range of Poems: Introduce diverse styles, forms, and themes to spark interest and show poetry’s versatility.
  • Read Aloud Together: This helps students hear the rhythm, rhyme, and flow of poetry, enhancing their understanding of its musicality.

2. Encourage Personal Connections

  • Relate Poetry to Students’ Lives: Encourage students to find poems or lines that resonate with their experiences or feelings.
  • Discussion and Interpretation: Facilitate open discussions about what poems mean to them and how poetry can express complex emotions or ideas.

3. Explore and Analyze

  • Break Down Poems: Analyze poems together to identify and understand various poetic devices and how they contribute to the overall effect of the poem.
  • Compare and Contrast: Look at different poems on the same theme or by the same poet to explore diverse approaches and techniques.

4. Creative Exercises

  • Writing Workshops: Encourage students to write their own poems, experimenting with different styles and devices.
  • Use Visual or Musical Aids: Integrate art or music to inspire writing and to illustrate how poetry can evoke sensory experiences and emotions.

5. Focus on Language

  • Word Choice and Connotation: Discuss the importance of specific word choices and how they affect a poem’s meaning and tone.
  • Figurative Language: Teach students to use and identify metaphors, similes, personification, and other figurative language to enrich their poetry.

6. Integrate Technology

  • Online Poetry Resources: Utilize websites and apps that offer poetry readings, analyses, and interactive exercises.
  • Digital Poetry Projects: Encourage students to create digital poetry portfolios or to present their poems using multimedia tools.

7. Performance and Recitation

  • Poetry Out Loud: Organize poetry recitations, allowing students to perform their favorite poems or their own compositions.
  • Dramatization: Encourage students to dramatize poems, bringing the text to life through performance.

8. Feedback and Revision

  • Constructive Critiques: Teach students to give and receive constructive feedback on poetry, focusing on specific aspects like imagery, sound devices, and emotional impact.
  • Revision Workshops: Emphasize the importance of revising and refining poems, showing that writing is a process of discovery and improvement.

9. Celebrate Poetry

  • Poetry in Daily Life: Highlight the presence and importance of poetry in everyday life, music, and popular culture.
  • Poetry Events: Host a poetry night, attend poetry slams, or participate in national poetry month activities to celebrate and enjoy poetry as a community.

Subtypes Of Poetry

Poetry’s diversity extends into numerous subtypes, each with distinct characteristics that offer varied expressions and explorations of language, emotion, and form. Here are some notable subtypes of poetry:

1. Sonnets

  • Shakespearean (English) Sonnet: Features 14 lines, with a rhyme scheme of ABABCDCDEFEFGG and usually written in iambic pentameter. It ends with a rhymed couplet that often presents a turn or a resolution to the theme.
  • Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet: Divided into an octave (eight lines) with a rhyme scheme of ABBAABBA and a sestet (six lines) with varying rhyme schemes. The octave presents a problem which is then resolved or countered in the sestet.

2. Odes

  • Pindaric Ode: Modeled after the odes of Pindar, these are formal, often celebratory odes with a structured triadic pattern of strophe, antistrophe, and epode.
  • Horatian Ode: Named after the Roman poet Horace, these odes are more reflective, personal, and less formal than Pindaric odes, often written in quatrains.
  • Irregular Ode: Does not adhere to the traditional structures of the Pindaric or Horatian ode, allowing for more freedom in form and subject matter.

3. Lyric Poetry

  • Elegy: A mournful, contemplative lyric poem meditating on loss or death.
  • Aubade: A morning love song or a poem about the dawn, often involving lovers parting at dawn.
  • Hymn: A song or poem of praise, typically directed at a divine entity.

4. Narrative Poetry

  • Epic: A lengthy narrative poem, often detailing heroic deeds and adventures.
  • Ballad: A storytelling poem or song, often dealing with folklore, historical events, or romantic tales.
  • Mock-Epic (Mock-Heroic): Parodies the classical epic by applying its elevated style to trivial subjects.

5. Experimental and Modern Forms

  • Concrete Poetry: Poetry in which the visual arrangement of text and imagery on the page is an integral part of the poem’s meaning.
  • Found Poetry: Created by taking words, phrases, and sometimes whole passages from other sources and reframing them as poetry by making changes in spacing and lines, or by adding or deleting text.
  • Prose Poetry: Blurs the lines between prose and poetry, employing poetic techniques but without line breaks, appearing as a block of prose.

6. Japanese Forms

  • Haiku: A short form consisting of three lines with a 5-7-5 syllable count, traditionally focusing on nature and the seasons.
  • Tanka: A thirty-one-syllable poem, traditionally in a single unbroken line, but often presented in five lines with a 5-7-5-7-7 syllable count, allowing for a broader emotional range than haiku.
  • Senryu: Similar in form to haiku but focusing on human nature and emotions rather than the natural world.

7. Light Verse

  • Limerick: A humorous, often ribald or nonsensical verse of three long and two short lines rhyming AABBA.
  • Clerihew: A whimsical, four-line biographical poem with an AABB rhyme scheme, usually poking fun at a famous person.

Poetic Devices

Poetic devices are tools that poets use to enhance their poetry’s meaning, sound, and overall impact. Here are some key poetic devices, outlined in points:

  • Metaphor: A figure of speech that directly compares two unrelated things, suggesting a similarity between them without using “like” or “as.”
  • Simile: A comparison between two unlike things using “like” or “as” to highlight similarities.
  • Personification: Attributing human characteristics to non-human objects, animals, or abstract ideas.
  • Alliteration: The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words close to each other in a line or verse.
  • Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds within nearby words to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences.
  • Consonance: The repetition of consonant sounds at the end of words or within them, differing from alliteration by its placement.
  • Onomatopoeia: The use of words that mimic the sounds they describe, such as “buzz” or “whisper.”
  • Imagery: Descriptive language that appeals to the senses, creating vivid pictures in the reader’s mind.
  • Symbolism: Using symbols to represent ideas or qualities, imbuing the poem with deeper meanings.
  • Hyperbole: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally, used for emphasis or effect.
  • Irony: A contrast between expectation and reality, often used to convey complexity or critique.
  • Oxymoron: A figure of speech in which contradictory terms appear in conjunction, such as “deafening silence.”
  • Paradox: A statement that contradicts itself but might contain a truth when examined more closely.
  • Rhyme Scheme: The ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse, typically described using letters to indicate matching rhymes.
  • Meter: The rhythmic structure of a verse, defined by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
  • Enjambment: The continuation of a sentence or clause across a line break, creating a sense of motion or continuation.
  • Allusion: A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing, or idea of historical, cultural, literary, or political significance.
  • Repetition: The deliberate use of the same word, phrase, or structure multiple times, enhancing rhythm or emphasizing a particular idea.
  • Anaphora: The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or lines, often used to emphasize an idea or theme.
  • Apostrophe: Addressing a person not present or an abstract idea or object as if it could respond, used to express emotion or musing.

Sound Devices

Sound devices are literary techniques used in poetry (and often in prose) to emphasize the auditory qualities of language, enhancing the musicality, rhythm, and overall aesthetic appeal of a text. Here are some key sound devices, explained in points:

  • Alliteration: The repetition of the same consonant sounds at the beginning of closely situated words or syllables to create a sonic effect.
  • Assonance: The repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words, close to each other in a line or verse, to add musicality.
  • Consonance: The repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words in close proximity, differing from alliteration in that the repeated sound can occur anywhere in the words.
  • Onomatopoeia: The use of words that mimic the sound they represent, making the description more expressive and interesting (e.g., “buzz,” “crash”).
  • Rhyme: The correspondence of sound between the ends of words, often used at the end of lines in poetry. Rhymes can be perfect (exact match of sounds) or slant (partial match).
  • Rhyme Scheme: The pattern of rhymes at the end of each line of a poem or song. It is usually referred to by using letters to indicate which lines rhyme; lines designated with the same letter all rhyme with each other.
  • Rhythm: The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry, creating a beat. Meter is the structured pattern of rhythm.
  • Meter: A regular pattern of rhythm based on stressed and unstressed syllables. Common meters include iambic pentameter, trochaic tetrameter, and anapestic trimeter.
  • Repetition: The intentional reuse of a word, phrase, sentence, or sound, creating emphasis, rhythm, and a sense of urgency or importance.
  • Anaphora: A specific type of repetition in which the same word or phrase is repeated at the beginning of successive lines, clauses, or sentences, contributing to the rhythmic and rhetorical effect.
  • Cacophony: The use of a combination of words with loud, harsh sounds—often using consonants—to achieve a dissonant, jarring effect.
  • Euphony: The use of words and phrases that are distinguished by their melodic and harmonious qualities, creating a pleasing and soothing sound.
  • Sibilance: A type of alliteration that involves the repetition of soft consonant sounds, such as “s” or “sh,” in close proximity to create a hissing or soft, whispery effect.
  • Internal Rhyme: Rhyme that occurs within a single line of verse, or between internal phrases across multiple lines, adding to the cohesion and musicality of the poem.

Figurative/Connotative Language In Poetry

  • Explore Beyond The Literal: Encourage students to look beyond the literal meanings of words. Discuss how metaphors, similes, personification, and symbolism contribute to the deeper meanings of a poem.
  • Create Connections: Use everyday experiences or familiar objects to help students create their own figurative language, making abstract concepts more accessible.

Stanza And Lines Of A Poem

Stanzas and lines are fundamental structural components of a poem, playing crucial roles in its form, rhythm, and overall aesthetic impact. Here’s a closer look at each:


  • Definition: A line is a single row of words in a poem, the basic unit of poetry. The length and structure of a line contribute to the poem’s rhythm, pace, and tone. Lines can vary in length and do not necessarily have to be complete sentences.
  • Function: Lines create rhythm and can influence how a poem is read or spoken. Line breaks, where a line ends and the next one begins, can add emphasis to words, create pauses, and affect the flow of the poem. Lines can be enjambed, meaning the sentence or phrase continues beyond the line break, or they can be end-stopped, where the line ends with a punctuation mark, indicating a pause or stop.


  • Definition: A stanza is a grouped set of lines within a poem, separated from other stanzas by blank space. Stanzas function similarly to paragraphs in prose, organizing ideas, images, and themes.
  • Function: Stanzas structure the poem and can help to emphasize themes or ideas, create shifts in tone or mood, and enhance the poem’s visual appearance. The number of lines in a stanza can vary, and specific stanza forms (such as couplets, tercets, quatrains, etc.) often have traditional names and characteristics.
  • Types of Stanzas:
    • Couplet: Two lines that usually rhyme and have the same meter.
    • Tercet: Three lines, often with a rhyme scheme.
    • Quatrain: Four lines, with various possible rhyme schemes.
    • Cinquain: Five lines, which may adhere to specific rules about syllables or words.
    • Sestet: Six lines, often used to conclude sonnets.
    • Octave: Eight lines, frequently seen in the first part of Petrarchan sonnets.

Creative Elements Of Poetry

  • Encourage Creativity: Promote the use of imaginative language and creative concepts in poetry. Encourage students to express their thoughts and feelings in unique and personal ways.
  • Inspiration From The World: Suggest that students draw inspiration from their surroundings, experiences, and emotions to enrich their poetic creations.


What is the Essential Element of Poetry?

Imagery is often considered the essential element of poetry. It uses vivid and descriptive language to create pictures in the reader’s mind, appealing to the senses and evoking emotions, making the poetic experience immersive and impactful.

What are the Elements of Poetry for Kids?

For kids, the key elements of poetry include rhyme, rhythm, repetition, and imagery. These elements make poems enjoyable and accessible, helping young readers understand and appreciate the beauty and fun of poetic language.

How Do You Teach Elements of Poetry to 4th Grade?

Teaching poetry to 4th graders involves interactive and engaging activities. Introduce rhyme, rhythm, and imagery through read-alouds and writing exercises. Encourage creativity with poem illustrations and performances to deepen their understanding and enjoyment of poetry.

What are the 12 Elements of Poetry PDF Grade 12?

The 12 elements of poetry for Grade 12 often include imagery, sound (rhyme, rhythm), form, structure, theme, tone, symbolism, diction, line breaks, figurative language (metaphor, simile), point of view, and mood. These elements are crucial for a deeper analysis and understanding of poetry at this level.

What are 3 Basic Genres of Poetry?

The three basic genres of poetry are lyric, narrative, and dramatic poetry. Lyric poetry expresses personal emotions; narrative poetry tells a story; and dramatic poetry involves the use of dramatic form or monologue.

What is Poetry Types and Elements?

Poetry types refer to various forms like sonnets, haikus, and free verse, each with specific structures and styles. Essential elements include imagery, rhythm, rhyme, and meter, which together define the poem’s sound, shape, and meaning.

Are There Any Rules to Poetry?

While traditional forms of poetry have specific rules regarding structure, rhyme, and meter, modern poetry often embraces free verse, breaking away from these conventions. The flexibility in poetry allows for creative expression, with the only consistent “rule” being the effective communication of ideas and emotions.

Elements of Poetry Generator

Text prompt

Add Tone

Explore Imagery: Paint a Scene with Your Words in Poetry.

Craft a Poem Using Metaphor to Unveil Hidden Meanings

Incorporate Alliteration for a Musical Touch in Your Verse.

Design a Haiku Highlighting Nature's Beauty through Imagery.

Use Personification to Give Life to the Inanimate in Poetry.

Construct a Sonnet Utilizing Iambic Pentameter and a Rhyme Scheme.

Develop a Poem with an Unusual Rhyme Scheme to Challenge Norms

Employ Onomatopoeia to Enhance the Sound Quality of Your Poem.

Create a Free Verse Poem Emphasizing Imagery and Tone over Form

Incorporate Symbolism to Add Depth and Layers to Your Poetic Work.