## Units of Current

Electric current, fundamentally essential in both scientific and practical contexts, is measured in various units. The primary unit is the **ampere**. Known as the amp, symbolized as **A**, it quantifies the flow of electrical charge per second through a conductor. One ampere represents the flow of one coulomb of charge per **second**.

## What are Units of Current?

**ampere**, commonly abbreviated as “A,” stands as the fundamental unit of electric current in the International System of Units (SI). It measures the amount of electric charge passing a point in a circuit per second with one ampere equivalent to one coulomb of charge passing per second.

## SI Unit of Current

**ampere**

The **ampere**, often shortened to “amp,” is recognized globally as the SI unit of electric current. It provides a standard measure for the flow of electric charge through a conductor. Specifically, one ampere corresponds to the flow of one coulomb of charge passing through a point in one second.

## CGS Unit of Current

**biot**

In the ** Centimeter **–Gram-Second (CGS) system of units, the primary unit for measuring electric current is the

**biot**, also known as the

**abampere**. This unit differs notably from the more commonly used ampere of the SI system. Specifically, one biot is equal to ten amperes, demonstrating a larger base unit for current in the CGS system.

## List of Current Units

Unit | Symbol |
---|---|

Ampere | A |

Milliampere | mA |

Microampere | μA |

Biot (Abampere) | biot |

Statampere | statA |

Coulomb per second | C/s |

### Ampere (A)

**1A = 1 C/s**

The ampere is the SI unit of electric current, named after André-Marie Ampère. It quantifies the flow of electric charge through a conductor at a rate of one coulomb per second. This unit is universally employed in science and engineering to measure electrical flow.

### Milliampere (mA)

**1 mA = 0.001 A**

This unit is extensively used in electronic applications, particularly for measuring small currents in circuits. It represents one-thousandth of an ampere, enabling precise current measurements in delicate electronic devices.

### Microampere (μA)

**1 μA = 0.000001 A**

A microampere is a unit used to measure extremely low electrical currents. This precision is crucial in microelectronic applications, such as in the operation of transistors and other semiconductor devices.

### Biot (Abampere)

**1 biot = 10 A**

The biot, also known as abampere, is the CGS unit of current. It measures the amount of current when ten amperes are flowing through a conductor, often utilized in certain scientific contexts where the CGS system remains relevant.

### Statampere

**1 statA = 3.33564×10−10 A**

A statampere is the CGS electrostatic unit of current, used primarily in theoretical physics. It quantifies a small but significant flow of charge derived from electrostatic units of charge.

### Coulomb per Second (C/s)

**1 C/s = 1 A**

Coulomb per second is another expression for the ampere, emphasizing the rate of charge flow. It is directly equivalent to an ampere, reinforcing the fundamental relationship between charge and current in electrical measurements.

## Conversion of Current Units

Here is a table format for different units of electric current, presented in a manner similar to the energy conversion factors you provided. Each cell after the unit’s name shows the conversion factors to other current units, such as from amperes to milliamperes, microamperes, and biots (abamperes).

Current Unit | Ampere (A) | Milliampere (mA) | Microampere (μA) | Biot (Abampere) |
---|---|---|---|---|

Ampere (A) | 0 | 1000 | 1,000,000 | 0.1 |

Milliampere (mA) | 0.001 | 0 | 1000 | 0.0001 |

Microampere (μA) | 0.000001 | 0.001 | 0 | 0.0000001 |

Biot (Abampere) | 10 | 10,000 | 10,000,000 | 0 |

### Ampere to Milliampere

**Conversion**: 1 A = 1000 mA

**Example**: To convert 2 amperes to milliamperes, multiply by 1000.

2 A × 1000 = 2000 mA

### Ampere to Microampere

**Conversion**: 1 A = 1,000,000 μA

**Example**: To convert 0.5 amperes to microamperes, multiply by 1,000,000.

0.5 A × 1,000,000 = 500,000 μA

### Milliampere to Ampere

**Conversion**: 1 mA = 0.001 A

**Example**: To convert 1500 milliamperes to amperes, divide by 1000.

1500 mA / 1000 = 1.5 A

### Milliampere to Microampere

**Conversion**: 1 mA = 1000 μA

**Example**: To convert 3 milliamperes to microamperes, multiply by 1000.

3 mA × 1000 = 3000 μA

### Microampere to Ampere

**Conversion**: 1 μA = 0.000001 A

**Example**: To convert 2000000 microamperes to amperes, divide by 1,000,000.

2000000 μA / 1,000,000 = 2 A

### Microampere to Milliampere

**Conversion**: 1 μA = 0.001 mA

**Example**: To convert 1000 microamperes to milliamperes, divide by 1000.

1000 μA / 1000 = 1 mA

### Biot to Ampere

**Conversion**: 1 biot = 10 A

**Example**: To convert 3 biots to amperes, multiply by 10.

3 biots × 10 = 30 A

### Ampere to Biot

**Conversion**: 1 A = 0.1 biot

**Example**: To convert 50 amperes to biots, multiply by 0.1.

50 A × 0.1 = 5 biots

## FAQ’S

## How is a current measured?

Electric current is measured using instruments like ammeters, which directly record the flow of electrical charge through a conductor.

## What should the units be for current?

The units for measuring electric current are amperes, commonly abbreviated as amps.

## What is used to measure electric current?

To measure electric current, devices called ammeters are used, effectively measuring the charge flow in circuits.