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Scientific Method – Examples, PDF


Before Copernicus asserted the idea that the Earth revolved around the stars, the ancient people believed that the celestial bodies in space revolved around Earth. The scientific method allows us to use observation and data gathering to understand the inner workings of our world.

 1. Scientific Method Worksheet

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2. The Scientific Method

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3. Scientific Method Sample

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4. General Scientific Method

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5. Using the Scientific Method

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6. Scientific Method Mind Mapping

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7. General Scientific Method Example

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8. Nature of Science and Scientific Method

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9. Scientific Method Steps

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10. Printable Scientific Method

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11. Comparing the Scientific Method

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12. Scientific Method in PDF Example

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13. Scientific Method in the Social Sciences

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14. Scientific Method

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15. Scientific Method Document

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16. Scientific Method Unit

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17. Statistics and the Scientific Method

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18. Scientific Method in Practise

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19. Scientific Method For Experimental Design

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20. Scientific Method Format

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21. The Scientific Method in PDF

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22. Printable Scientific Method Example

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23. Scientific Method Introduction

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24. Scientific Method Planning Sheet

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25. Scientific Method Handout

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26. Simple Scientific Methods

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27. Scientific Method Steps and Examples

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28. Scientific Method for Elementary

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29. Editable Scientific Method

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30. The Elements of Scientific Method

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31. Whats Scientific Method

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32. Classical Scientific Method

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33. Science and the Scientific Method

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34. Scientific Method Investigation

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35. Scientific Method Activity Example

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36. Scientific Method Reading

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37. The Scientific Method and the Creative Process

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38. Introduction to Science and the Scientific Method

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39. Defining Scientific Method

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40. Scientific Method in Lab

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41. Scientific Method Diagram

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42. Case History in Scientific Method

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43. Exploring the Scientific Method

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44. Scientific Method and its Types

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45. Scientific Method Notes

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46. Scientific Method Sample PDF

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47. Scientific Method and Observations

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48. Scientific Method Self Assessment

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49. Scientific Method Experiment Sheet

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50. Scientific Method Biology

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51. The Level of Scientific Methods

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52. Introduction to the Scientific Method

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53. Theory of Scientific Method

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54. Scientific Methodology

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55. Scientific Method and Observations

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56. Example Scientific Method in PDF

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57. Scientific Method and Critical Thinking

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58. Scientific Method Lesson

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59. Scientific Methods in Computer Science

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60. Scientific Method Approach

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62. Scientific Method Activity Example

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 63. Scientific Method in Practise

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64. Scientific Method Short Lesson

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65. Scientific Method and Scientific Notation

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66. Fourth Grade Scientific Method

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67. The Scientific Method Made Easy

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68. Scientific Method Exercise

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69. The Scientific Method of Practicing

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70. Scientific Method in Project Plan

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71. Scientific Method Rubric

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72. Scientific Method in Vaccine History

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73. Graphical View of the Scientific Method

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74. Scientific Method with Example

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75. Scientific Method Draft Example

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76. The Scientific Method Sample PDF

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77. Vocabulary for Scientific Method

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78. Scientific Methods in Earth Science

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79. Theory of Scientific Method

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80. Linguistics and Scientific Method

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81. Recognized Scientific Method

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82. Using the Scientific Method Example

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83. Scientific Method and Inquiry

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84. Scientific Method in Daily Life

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85. Sample Introduction to Scientific Method

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86. Scientific Method Quiz

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87. Scientific Method Fact Sheet

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88. Scientific Method Ideas

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89. Scientific Method Vocabulary Test

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90. Scientific Method Lesson Topic

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91. Scientific Method Practice PDF

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92. A Transformed Scientific Method

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93. Student Handout Scientific Method

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94. Scientific Method for Prevention Intervention Research

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95. Scientific Method for Students

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96. Scientific Method Unit Overview

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97. Historical Scientific Method

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98. Scientific Method Lab Report

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99. Michael Crichton’s Scientific Method

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100. Scientific Method Unit Plan

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What Is the Scientific Method

The scientific method is the structured process or approach that all scientists and researchers must adhere to so that the board or commission will consider their research valid. The nature of the scientific method is objective, which will distance the researcher from their research to prevent bias.

How to Use the Scientific Method

The scientific method has a process that should be followed step by step. When using the scientific method, you must have an interest in the field or topic adjacent to the problem or the phenomenon. The scientific method steps should be done in order as each step will cascade into the next.

1.) Identify the Problem or Phenomenon

Begin by identifying the problem or phenomenon you want to investigate. This will act as the overall topic of the research you are conducting or undertaking.

2.) Read and Review any Related Literature and Studies

After you have identified the problem or phenomenon, you must read and review any previous literature or study that is adjacent and related to the problem or phenomenon you have chosen. This will create relevance and indicate whether any previous studies tried to investigate the problem or phenomenon you have chosen.

3.) Formulate the Hypothesis, and Design the Experiment

Formulate the hypothesis and research question. This will decide the specific type of research you will have to do. If inductive reasoning is required then you must do a qualitative approach to your research. If deductive reasoning is required then you must fo a quantitative approach instead. Design the experiment and data collection with the appropriate approach.

4.) Collect, Organize, and Analyze the Data

After designing the experiment, begin to obtain data through various methods appropriate to the type of research you are conducting. These data can come in the form of numerical statistics, real numbers, or paragraphs and phrases. When you have the data, organize and analyze the data to obtain codes for interpretation.

5.) Interpret the Data

Through analyzing the data, you will be able to obtain codes that you can use to interpret the data you have collected. This will form the basis of the conclusion you will be able to make. Not only that but the researcher will use the data to determine whether or not the phenomenon or problem has been explained or solved.

6.) Create a Conclusion

Using the interpretation, you will be able to create a conclusion that will close off your research. This should also include a brief explanation of the implications of the data and a short call to action

FAQs

Why is the scientific method important?

The scientific method allows the researcher to approach their research and thesis systematically. The scientific method eliminates the existence of bias by implementing a structured approach. This means that the scientific method acts as the standardized approach that all researchers, new or old, will have to adhere to the steps laid out by the scientific method. It is important because all researchers have a bias toward a specific outcome, which may lead to botched or doctored results. Because of the scientific method, researches are more likely to be credible and reliable.

Who created the scientific method?

There are many contributors to the current state and processes that are integrated into the scientific method. During the golden age of Islam, mathematician Ibn al-Haytham posited that an inductive hypothesis must be accompanied and supported by confirmable mathematical evidence. Not only did Ibn al-Haytham assert what a hypothesis should have, but he also developed a process of observation and experimentation. Later on, Francis Bacon refined the inductive process of research and produced the following steps: empirical observation, systematic experimentation, analysis of experimental evidence, and inductive reasoning. Descartes instead, felt that a deductive research approach will lead to a higher understanding of the world, and developed a deductive research process. This will lead to the modern state of the scientific method, where Isaac Newton contributed to the idea that induction and deduction are needed to understand and figure out the various phenomena of our world. In the end, the scientific method is an ever-evolving part of science that has no single creator.

How does the scientific method relate to quantitative and qualitative research?

The scientific method is composed of two different approaches, each with its topics, methodology, and results. These two approaches are quantitative and qualitative research. Quantitative research uses deductive reasoning and thinking to obtain data and an understanding of specific phenomena. This approach utilizes a quantity over quality approach and requires numerous amounts of data gathered through surveys and group interviews. Qualitative research on the other hand utilizes quantitative inductive reasoning and thinking to understand more subjective and personal phenomena. This approach adopts the quality over quantity approach and will have different methods. This means that the scientific method is ingrained into these two types of research.

The scientific method is a standardized and structured approach to research that all researchers and scientists adhere to. Not only does it provide structure to the whole research process, but it also allows the researchers to objectively approach their research with minimal or no bias.

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