Examples on Writing an Analytical Essay (PDF)

Remember the excitement you feel when your professor decides to just let you watch a movie or read something instead of having a discussion in class? You’re so excited that you forget that there’s always a catch. After you’re done with the movie or book, your professor then requires you to write an analysis and an informative argument about any topic related to the movie or book. You may also see short essay.

So an essay. You certainly know how to craft an essay, right? You also know how to summarize the basis of your essay, so this is going to be easy. However, this essay is specific. It must be able to analyze and present your informative observations about your subject. You may also see concept essay.

What is an Analytical Essay?

An analytical essay doesn’t end in telling the facts of the literary piece, it demands that you examine the information and evaluate it. It focuses on how the piece was made and how it came to be. Also, see  Analytical Essay Examples & Samples

It is not also a summary. It is not merely describing and relaying how the story went; it is not supposed to be a book report. An analytical essay, as per the meaning of analysis, “is a detailed examination of anything complex in order to understand its nature or to determine its essential features; it is a separation of a whole into its components.”

Therefore, an analytical essay is a thorough breakdown of the component of a literary, historical or scientific piece, it is examining its essence and essential characteristics. It sees what the naked eye can’t see; a deep evaluation of its theme, the flow of the story, metaphors and anecdotes, etc. You may also see self-introduction essay.

It is more than just defining and describing the piece, but a closer look at the totality of the piece. It requires you to look at smaller parts in order to shed light on the larger ones. You may also refer to the Tips in Writing a Good Analytical Essay

Types of Analysis Essay

1. Rhetorical Analysis Essay

This essay requires you to prove or reprove a fact that has already been proven and already has its significance. This types of analysis are usually used in the fields of science and math since it needs facts and logic as its foundation. It functions as if you are trying to prove a fact to a person who can’t understand or comprehend the concept behind it. You prove its authenticity with the help of your evidences and logic. You may also see high school essay.

2. Literary Analysis Essay

This the most common and most used type of analysis in college or high school. After you are done with the piece that your professor has assigned to you, you are required to write an informative analysis of a situation or critically analyze a metaphor and its impact on the plot. The difference between this analysis and the rhetoric analysis is that the rhetoric analysis is mostly based on facts and logic, this one is into the deeper things such as emotions and substance of the characters and their decision making. You may also see reflective essay.

3. Process Analysis Essay

This essay typically requires you to explain the purpose of the process. It also needs to be a step-by-step explanation just like the process itself. You also need to explain the transformation brought about the process in paragraphs. You can also see How to Write an Analytical Report

4. Character Analysis Essay

This is an in-depth analysis of a character from a story or movie. Just like the process analysis, it requires you to explain the transformation of the character from start to finish. You should analyze the character’s personality, traits, mental reformation, decision making, etc. You examine and explain the character’s substance and how he/she has reacted to the adversities and success in the plot. You may also see informative essay.

5. Poetry Analysis Essay

You will have to explain the poem’s content, structure and historical significance. You main goal is to make the readers understand the poem’s significance and purpose. In this analysis, you have to make it easier for the readers to understand what the poem is trying to convey. You may also see personal essay.

6. Causal Analysis Essay

You have to answer the why question the best way you can in this essay. Most of the times, the questions can’t be answered on the dot or 100% and that’s why this essay is also called the Speculating about Cases Essay. You speculate the answer to the question, describe the process and state why you think it happened. You may also see Argumentative Essay Examples & PDF

How to Write an Analytical Essay

Before proceeding to the actual writing, you must first go through these following steps:

1. Brainstorm and Decide on a Topic

Figure out what you’re going to write about. It’s important to scope in to your topic. It is best to choose the topic that you are fully interested in and you should thoroughly understand it. The topic you decide to choose for your analytical essay will determine the facts and details you need to include. You may also see scholarship essay.

2. Create a Strong Thesis

The thesis is an argument created to prove an assumption created by the writer, using facts and research. Your thesis must enable you to explore the different sides of the subject; it must not be a simple yes or no question. It must be complex with interconnected factors. This is where your essay will revolve around to, you must thoroughly think about what your thesis is going to be. You may also see interview essay.

3. Craft a Captivating Title

Once you have decided about the topic and the thesis that you will write about, you have to formulate a captivating title. Remember that your title is the first thing the readers will read on your paper, make sure it can captivate their attention. You may also see literary essay.

4. Find Supporting Evidence

The supporting evidence will convince your readers about your thesis statement. It is apparent that good researches, statement, and essays need research and analysis. Your supporting evidence will help your essay become credible and factual. You may also see academic essay.

5. Create an Outline

In order to make the organizing of the structure and make the overall process of writing the entire essay, you need to make an outline. It will help you arrange the sequence of events especially historic or scientific topics that require proper sequence of events and processes. The outline will then become the blueprint of your essay as you go along with your final paper. You may also see persuasive essay.

After the first few steps prior to writing, you may now proceed to the actual writing process:

Elements of an Analytical Essay


The first part of your introduction should be able to immediately capture the reader’s attention. That part is called the hook, as the name would suggest, it has to make your readers get hooked and want to continue reading the rest of the essay. You may also see photo essay.

The hook should be interesting and should spark the readers’ curiosity. This can be done by asking a rhetorical question, giving some significant statistics, or leaving an unusual or controversial statement.

Although the hook statement is a good strategy, it is not required. So long as you present a background information about your paper as briefly as you can. The information you present can start up as a broad discussion eventually narrowing down to the thesis statement. The structure of your introduction would look like this:

  • Hook Statement/ Brief Introductory Point
  • Background Info (Narrowed)
  • Transition sentence
  • Thesis Statement

Body Paragraphs

The main goal of the body of your essay is to prove your thesis. This is where you present your evidence supporting your thesis.

Topic Sentence. In a one straightforward and effective sentence, you should be able to introduce the main point of the body paragraph.

Analysis. You have to assess your supporting evidence and explain how it directly supports your thesis. This is arguably the most important part of the entire essay since the credibility and significance of your essay is explained here. Make sure it’s creative and demonstrates the essence of your essay, but always keep it original. You may also see synthesis essay.

Evidence. Present the evidence you have gathered based on your research. Your evidence will help in strengthening the foundation of your essay. As the analysis is based on the supporting pieces of evidence, they should always go hand in hand. Make sure the relevance of the two is evident from the get-go. You may also see travel essay.

Concluding Sentence. This is where you restate your analysis and the significance of your point. The concluding sentence ties your evidence to the topic sentence. And, it formally closes the analysis and evidence you have presented. You may also see compartive essay.

Rhetorical Analysis Example

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After you’ve built up all the information regarding your essay, you’re ready to wrap it up. First, you should restate the thesis of your essay. This will reaffirm that your thesis has been proven through your analysis and pieces of evidence. You should also briefly summarize the key points you have discussed in your essay. Finally, your concluding statement should be able to neatly wrap up the essay by either stating what you have learned through writing your essay or what the readers should take away from reading your essay. You may also see descriptive essay.

To conclude, an analytical essay is an essay intended to elaborate more than what the readers or viewers of a certain piece may actually see. It sings deeper in the core of the piece and asking questions such as how is this made, why was it made, what are the elements to this, etc. It is a deep assessment of the essence of a piece but with the goal of making the readers understand it easily. It can become too technical but the writer must still make sure that the readers can easily get the point he/she is trying to explain. You may also see student essay.

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