Making a set questionnaire for your respondents to answer to is normally easier said than done. There are many considerations and factors that the researchers would have to take in before making the said questionnaire. The first thing that you would need to do is to determine as to whether the questionnaire that you will be making answers the following questions found in your Statement of the Problem (SOP).
To give you an idea on what the Statement of the Problem is, it is used in research work as a claim that outlines the problem addressed by a study. The SOP briefly addresses the question: What is the problem that the research will address? Before even thinking about drafting the research survey or questionnaire, it is important that your SOP must consist of the following characteristics in order for the SOP to be fully comprehensive:
1. Establish the goals for the survey. What do you intend to understand and gain after designing the said survey? Find out what your end goals are. Remember to always go back to your Statement of the Problem and analyze on whether each question answers a specific problem found on the SOP. If you do not think it helps answer the question, you may remove it and/or replace it with another question to something that is more suitable. Remember that a survey does not have to be too lengthy or complicated. It just needs to answer the following concerns at hand. You may also see questionnaire examples in pdf
2. Spend some time thinking about how you can ensure the most honest answers. People lie all the time. And that is the truth. In fact, there is no point in creating the survey in the first place if the respondents are just going to lie straight to your face. How you are going to get honest-to-goodness answers from your respondents is another thing altogether. Try your best to encourage the respondents beforehand to answer the survey or questionnaire honestly so that the data gathered will be more accurate and it will just consolidate with the findings of the other previous researchers. You may also like how to prepare a questionnaire
3. Decide on the best survey method to collect valuable information with the survey. As researchers, it is important to prepare for any sort of contingencies that might affect with your original plan. Perhaps the greatest enemy to all researchers is time. Due to the hectic schedule of your respondents: be it from the academe, people from the professional world, or students, you may need a lot of careful planning and coordination and patience if you still want to get their feedback on those matters. You may also check out student questionnaire examples
4. Think about ensuring accuracy in your survey. How many people do you need to conduct a survey that represents the current situation at hand? Depending on your study, it may not be enough just to interview at least 30 or 70 people. Some surveys even require at least 1,000 people. There are two things that need to be considered in order for your survey data to be deemed accurate:
1. Decide whether to use structured, unstructured questions, or a combination of both. Now comes the fun part, making the survey. Carefully analyze and think about what type of questions that you are going to draft to your respondents. And as you create the said questionnaire, ask yourself on what type of questions would be best to get the most out of your participants. Unstructured questions remove predetermined answers from the equation. Instead of leading the respondent in a particular direction by giving him or her answers to choose from, unstructured questions encourage the respondent to develop a very personal answer. You may also see survey questionnaire examples
2. Choose a partially structured question to get a little more granularity but still keep the data analyzable. The downside of a structured question is that it’s often not very specific. The downside of an unstructured question is that it’s hard to analyze the response and/or put it into a spreadsheet. And there is something in between. Although the statement itself is already formed, partially structured questions give the respondents an opportunity to give their own answers, in one way or another. You may also like examples of questionnaire for customer satisfaction
3. Ask a “Rating” question. This is a subset of the structured question. It seeks to answer how respondents would rate their experience on a scale. Also known as the Likert’s Scale (named after its inventor, psychologist Rensis Likert), it is considered as the most widely used approach to scaling responses in survey research, such that the term is often used interchangeably with rating scale, although there are other types of rating scales.
4. Ask a “Ranking” question to get an ordered list of preferences. You can also ask ranking questions that allows the researchers to understand what customers prefer from a series of choices and options.
5. When developing structured questions, include catch-all phrases at the end of your answer set. Sometimes, the respondents give out answers that are not normally found. So, what you can do is to add the option of “Others” or “None of the Above” to paint a clearer picture of what the respondents have to say. You may also check out lifestyle questionnaire examples & samples
1. Find a way to distribute your survey. Now that you have already drafted your survey, it is now time to distribute it. As mentioned before, there are many and numerous ways to go about it. It is up to your discretion as how you will go about it. Remember that time is the enemy of all. You may also see product questionnaire examples & samples
2. Make the return of the information as easy as possible. And speaking of distributing surveys, it is also crucial that the return of information be just as fast. Hard copies of surveys are often the easiest way of getting the return of information. You may need consent and advance planning from the respective concerned parties, but the return of information is still the fastest. Online surveys may be the easiest to draft and is cost-efficient since you save a lot on paper, but it is highly unsure as to whether everyone will answer on time or not. You may also like health questionnaire examples
3. Analyze the results of the survey. After the data gathering is complete, now it is time to treat the data. Organize and categorize your data properly so that you can make room for segregation into their proper places. Raw data collection is only one aspect of any experiment; the organization of data is equally important so that appropriate conclusions can be drawn. You may also check out sports questionnaire examples & samples
4. Develop your learnings and implement them. This would be the Chapter 2 of your thesis or dissertation. All you have to do now is to briefly interpret what the data means in layman’s terms. Provide a bit of an explanation to shed a little more insight on the data. You may also see training questionnaire examples & samples
We hope you found our article on creating a research questionnaire to be informative. We also included some examples which can serve as a guide to help you in making your own research questionnaire.