Narrative Text

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Created by: Team English -, Last Updated: June 12, 2024

Narrative Text

Narrative texts, spanning from epic poems to contemporary novels, serve as windows into worlds both real and imagined. They encapsulate the essence of storytelling, weaving together characters, settings, and events into captivating narratives that transport readers to distant lands or into the depths of human experience. Through the artful arrangement of language and text structure, narrative texts beckon readers to embark on journeys of discovery, empathy, and reflection.

What is the Purpose of Narrative Text

The purpose of narrative text is to tell a story beat or recount a series of events. It’s a form of writing that aims to engage the reader by creating a narrative arc with characters, setting, plot, and often a theme or message. Narrative sub texts can entertain, educate, inspire, or provoke thought and emotions. They can be found in various forms such as novels, short stories, myths, legends, folktales, fables, and even some non-fiction works like memoirs and autobiographies. Ultimately, the purpose of narrative text is to immerse the reader in a world created by the author and to convey meaning through the experiences of the characters and the events they encounter.

50 Narrative Text Examples with Answers

  1. “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain – A classic American novel about a young boy’s adventures in a small town on the Mississippi River.
  2. “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll – A whimsical tale about a girl named Alice who falls down a rabbit hole into a fantastical world.
  3. “Charlotte’s Web” by E.B. White – A heartwarming story about the friendship between a pig named Wilbur and a spider named Charlotte.
  4. “The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe” by C.S. Lewis – The first book in “The Chronicles of Narnia” series, following the journey of four siblings who discover a magical land.
  5. “Matilda” by Roald Dahl – A story about a young girl with extraordinary intelligence who discovers her own powers and stands up against injustice.
  6. “The Odyssey” by Homer – An ancient Greek epic poem recounting the adventures of Odysseus as he tries to return home after the Trojan War.
  7. “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald – A novel set in the 1920s, exploring themes of wealth, love, and the American Dream.
  8. “Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen – A classic romance novel revolving around the lives and loves of the Bennet sisters in Georgian England.
  9. “The Hunger Games” by Suzanne Collins – A dystopian novel set in a future where teenagers are forced to compete in a televised fight to the death.
  10. “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. Salinger – A coming-of-age novel narrated by Holden Caulfield, a disillusioned teenager struggling with adolescence.
  11. “Lord of the Flies” by William Golding – A novel exploring the descent into savagery when a group of boys is stranded on a deserted island.
  12. “Winnie-the-Pooh” by A.A. Milne – A collection of stories about a bear named Winnie-the-Pooh and his friends in the Hundred Acre Wood.
  13. “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” by J.K. Rowling – The first book in the Harry Potter series, following the young wizard Harry as he discovers his magical heritage.
  14. “The Alchemist” by Paulo Coelho – A philosophical novel about a shepherd named Santiago who embarks on a journey to find his Personal Legend.
  15. “1984” by George Orwell – A dystopian novel set in a totalitarian society where individuality and freedom are suppressed.
  16. “Animal Farm” by George Orwell – An allegorical novella depicting the Russian Revolution through the story of farm animals who overthrow their human owner.
  17. The Tale of Peter Rabbit” by Beatrix Potter – A children’s book about a mischievous rabbit named Peter who gets into trouble in Mr. McGregor’s garden.
  18. “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” by Mark Twain – A sequel to “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer,” following Huck Finn’s journey down the Mississippi River.
  19. “The Secret Garden” by Frances Hodgson Burnett – A novel about a young girl named Mary who discovers a neglected garden and learns about friendship and healing.
  20. “The Hobbit” by J.R.R. Tolkien – A fantasy novel about the hobbit Bilbo Baggins who goes on an adventure to reclaim a treasure guarded by a dragon.
  21. “A Christmas Carol” by Charles Dickens – A classic Christmas tale about a miser named Ebenezer Scrooge who is visited by ghosts on Christmas Eve.
  22. “Dracula” by Bram Stoker – A gothic horror novel about Count Dracula’s attempt to move from Transylvania to England and spread the undead curse.
  23. “Frankenstein” by Mary Shelley – A novel about Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a monstrous creature in his quest to defy death.
  24. “The Little Prince” by Antoine de Saint-Exupéry – A philosophical novella about a young prince who travels from planet to planet, learning about love and human nature.
  25. “Moby-Dick” by Herman Melville – A novel about Captain Ahab’s obsessive quest for revenge against the white whale, Moby Dick.
  26. “Anne of Green Gables” by L.M. Montgomery – Follows the adventures of Anne Shirley, an imaginative and spirited orphan girl, as she finds a home with the Cuthberts.
  27. “The War of the Worlds” by H.G. Wells – A science fiction novel depicting an invasion of Earth by Martians and the struggle for survival against technologically superior aliens.
  28. “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift – A satirical novel about Lemuel Gulliver’s journeys to various imaginary lands, each with its own strange inhabitants and customs.
  29. “The Wizard of Oz” by L. Frank Baum – A beloved children’s novel about Dorothy’s journey to the magical land of Oz and her quest to find her way back home.
  30. “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes” by Arthur Conan Doyle – A collection of detective stories featuring the brilliant detective Sherlock Holmes and his loyal companion Dr. John Watson.
  31. “The Lord of the Rings” trilogy by J.R.R. Tolkien – An epic fantasy series chronicling the quest to destroy the One Ring and defeat the Dark Lord Sauron.
  32. “The Chronicles of Narnia” series by C.S. Lewis – A series of seven fantasy novels set in the magical land of Narnia, featuring adventures, battles, and moral allegories.
  33. “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” by Douglas Adams – A humorous science fiction series following the misadventures of Arthur Dent, an ordinary human, as he travels through space.
  34. “One Hundred Years of Solitude” by Gabriel García Márquez – A magical realist novel tracing the Buendía family’s history in the fictional town of Macondo.
  35. “The Diary of a Young Girl” by Anne Frank – The diary of Anne Frank, a Jewish girl hiding from the Nazis during World War II, offering a poignant insight into her life and thoughts.
  36. “The Outsiders” by S.E. Hinton – A coming-of-age novel about two rival groups, the Greasers and the Socs, and the struggles they face growing up in a divided society.
  37. “The Count of Monte Cristo” by Alexandre Dumas – A tale of revenge and redemption following Edmond Dantès, who escapes from prison to seek vengeance on those who wronged him.
  38. “Little Women” by Louisa May Alcott – A classic novel following the lives of the March sisters—Meg, Jo, Beth, and Amy—as they grow up during the Civil War era.
  39. “The Picture of Dorian Gray” by Oscar Wilde – A philosophical novel about a young man named Dorian Gray, whose portrait ages while he remains eternally youthful.
  40. “The Grapes of Wrath” by John Steinbeck – A Pulitzer Prize-winning novel depicting the struggles of the Joad family as they migrate to California during the Great Depression.
  41. “Catch-22” by Joseph Heller – A satirical novel set during World War II, following Captain John Yossarian and his attempts to escape the absurdity of military bureaucracy.
  42. “The Scarlet Letter” by Nathaniel Hawthorne – A novel set in colonial America, exploring themes of sin, guilt, and redemption through the story of Hester Prynne.
  43. “Gone with the Wind” by Margaret Mitchell – A sweeping historical romance set during the American Civil War, focusing on the life of Scarlett O’Hara.
  44. “Crime and Punishment” by Fyodor Dostoevsky – A psychological novel about a young man named Raskolnikov who commits a murder and grapples with his conscience.
  45. “War and Peace” by Leo Tolstoy – A sprawling epic novel set against the backdrop of Napoleonic Wars, exploring themes of love, war, and the nature of existence.
  46. “The Adventures of Pinocchio” by Carlo Collodi – A classic children’s tale about a wooden puppet named Pinocchio who dreams of becoming a real boy.
  47. “Around the World in Eighty Days” by Jules Verne – An adventure novel following Phileas Fogg and his valet Passepartout as they attempt to circumnavigate the globe in 80 days.
  48. “Swiss Family Robinson” by Johann David Wyss – A classic adventure novel about a Swiss family shipwrecked on a deserted island, where they must fend for themselves and build a new life.
  49. “The Princess Bride” by William Goldman – A comedic fantasy novel blending romance, adventure, and satire, telling the story of Princess Buttercup and her true love, Westley.
  50. “The Three Musketeers” by Alexandre Dumas – A swashbuckling adventure novel following the escapades of d’Artagnan and the Three Musketeers in 17th-century France.

Generic Structure of Narrative Text


Orientation: Introduces the setting, time, place, and characters involved in the story. It sets the stage for what is to come and provides necessary background information for the reader to understand the context.

Complication: This is where the conflict or problem arises. It is the central challenge that the characters must face and resolve throughout the narrative. The complication often creates tension and drives the plot forward.

Resolution: The climax of the story where the conflict reaches its peak and is ultimately resolved. This is the most intense and pivotal moment of the narrative, where the outcome of the conflict is determined.

Coda (optional): Sometimes, especially in longer narratives, there may be a coda or conclusion that ties up loose ends, reflects on the events that have transpired, or provides closure for the characters and the story.

Characteristics of Narrative Text


  • Main Characters: Drive the story.
  • Supporting Characters: Add depth.


  • Where and When: Location and time of the story.


  • Beginning: Introduces characters and setting.
  • Middle: Develops the conflict and builds suspense.
  • End: Resolves the conflict and concludes the story.


  • Internal: Struggle within a character.
  • External: Struggle between characters or outside forces.


  • Central Message: The main idea or lesson.

Point of View

  • First Person: “I” or “we.”
  • Third Person: “He,” “she,” or “they.”


  • Characters Speak: Conversations between characters.

Descriptive Language

  • Vivid Details: Use of adjectives and sensory details.

Types of Narrative Text

1. Novels: Novels are long works of fiction that explore complex plots and character development. They are often divided into chapters and can cover various genres such as:

  • Mystery
  • Romance
  • Science Fiction
  • Fantasy

2. Short Stories: Short stories are brief fictional narratives. They usually focus on a single incident or character and aim to evoke a specific mood or theme. Key features include:

  • Conciseness: Limited word count.
  • Focused Plot: One main conflict or event.
  • Limited Characters: Few characters compared to novels.

3. Novellas: Novellas are longer than short stories but shorter than novels. They offer a more detailed narrative than short stories but are not as extensive as novels. Common traits include:

  • Intermediate Length: Typically between 20,000 to 50,000 words.
  • Focused Plot: More complex than short stories but less intricate than novels.
  • Character Development: More detailed than in short stories.

4. Biographies: Biographies are non-fiction narratives that tell the life story of a person. They are written by someone other than the subject and include:

  • Historical Context: Background information about the time period.
  • Chronological Structure: Events presented in the order they occurred.
  • Factual Accuracy: Based on real events and people.

5. Autobiographies: Autobiographies are life stories written by the subject themselves. They share many characteristics with biographies but offer a personal perspective. Features include:

  • First-Person Perspective: Written from the author’s viewpoint.
  • Personal Insights: Reflections and thoughts of the author.
  • Lifelong Span: Covers significant events from the author’s life.

6. Memoirs: Memoirs are a type of autobiography that focus on specific experiences or periods in the author’s life rather than their entire life story. Key aspects include:

  • Thematic Focus: Centers on particular themes or events.
  • Personal Reflection: Deeply personal and introspective.
  • Subjective Perspective: Author’s personal take on events.

7. Epics: Epics are long narrative poems that celebrate heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation. They often include:

  • Heroic Characters: Larger-than-life protagonists.
  • Grand Scale: Expansive settings and dramatic events.
  • Formal Style: Elevated language and verse.

8. Fables: Fables are short stories that teach moral lessons, often through animal characters that exhibit human traits. Features include:

  • Moral Lesson: Clear message or moral.
  • Anthropomorphism: Animals or objects with human characteristics.
  • Simple Plot: Straightforward and easy to understand.

9. Fairy Tales: Fairy tales are stories involving magical and fantastical elements. They often feature:

  • Fantasy Elements: Magic, mythical creatures, and enchanted settings.
  • Good vs. Evil: Clear distinction between good and bad characters.
  • Moral Lessons: Underlying moral or ethical lessons.

10. Myths: Myths are traditional stories that explain natural phenomena, cultural practices, or historical events. They often involve gods, goddesses, and supernatural beings. Key characteristics include:

  • Cultural Significance: Reflect cultural beliefs and values.
  • Supernatural Elements: Gods, goddesses, and mythical creatures.
  • Explaining Origins: Stories that explain the origin of the world or customs.

How is narrative text different from other types of text?

Narrative text focuses on storytelling and often includes a plot with a beginning, middle, and end. In contrast, other types of text, such as expository or descriptive, focus on explaining, informing, or describing without necessarily telling a story.

What are the main elements of a narrative text?

Characters, setting, plot, conflict, and resolution are the main elements.

What is the difference between first-person and third-person narration?

First-person uses “I” or “we,” while third-person uses “he,” “she,” or “they.”

What is the setting of a narrative text?

The setting is where and when the story takes place.

What is a theme in a narrative text?

The theme is the underlying message or main idea of the story.

What is the climax of a story?

The climax is the most intense point of the story where the main conflict peaks.

What is a narrative arc?

A narrative arc shows the story’s progression from beginning to end.

What is the role of dialogue in a narrative text?

Dialogue reveals character personalities, advances the plot, and adds realism.

How do authors use imagery in narrative texts?

Authors use imagery to create vivid descriptions that appeal to the senses.

What is a narrative hook?

A narrative hook is an engaging opening that grabs the reader’s attention.

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