Negative Punishment – Examples, PDF


Operant conditioning is a type of conditioning that allows the trainer to apply or remove stimuli to increase or decrease the occurrence of an observed behavior or action. Unlike classical conditioning, operant conditioning has four different modes the trainer can use. One of these modes is called negative punishment.

1. Negative Punishment Template

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 2. Multi-Operant Analysis of Negative Punishment

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3. Negative Reinforcement and Positive Punishment

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4. Classical and Operant Conditioning Negative Punishment

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5. Positive and Negative Reinforcement Punishment

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6. Extinction and Negative Punishment

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What Is Negative Punishment

Negative punishment is one of the modes of punishment, wherein the trainer takes away positive stimuli from the subject as a way to discourage a specific observed behavior or action. Unlike positive punishment, negative punishment is less traumatic when applied in a specific manner.

How To Use Negative Punishment to Teach People

Negative punishment has many real-life applications as it can reduce the proclivity of a specific activity or behavior. Proper application of negative punishment requires the person to immediately create an outline for an observed behavior or action and provide the negative punishment to reduce the occurrence of the behavior or action.

Step 1: Observe the Activity or Behavior You Want To Discourage

Before you will use negative punishment, the behavior or action you want to discourage must first be observed by you or someone you trust. This is because operant conditioning requires an observable action or behavior before it can be applied to the situation.

Step 2: Conduct the Negative Punishment

After you have observed the activity or behavior that merits the punishment, you must apply the negative punishment by taking away something the subject perceives as a positive stimulus. Note that the negative punishment must be applied to an action or behavior that is very recent.

Step 3: Explain The Reasoning and the Context of the Punishment

The reasoning, objective, and context of the punishment must be explained to the person obtaining it. This is because punishments are more of a learning or teaching method, therefore you must explain the learning goal of the punishment and what you are trying to achieve in the subject.

Step 4: Offer Up a Replacement Behavior

One of the most important things you can do when you’re applying a negative punishment is to try and suggest a replacement behavior. The tone of punishments tends to let subjects develop an aversion behavior instead of a replacement behavior, therefore you can offer up an alternative that can act as the replacement behavior.

FAQs

Negative punishment vs. negative reinforcement; what is the main difference between both types of operant conditioning?

Operant conditioning is split into two different quadrants that psychologists have categorized based on its ability to reinforce or discourage a specific action or behavior. Both of these quadrants will also split into two other subtypes that psychologists have described as the addition or the taking away of a specific stimulus. Negative punishment is the act of removing something trained organisms like to reduce the likelihood of them doing a specific behavior or action. Negative reinforcement is the act of taking away a negative stimulus to reward and reinforce the likelihood of a trained organism doing a specific behavior or action. The main difference is in the stimulus both types of operant conditioning tries to remove from the situation which will lead to the encouragement or discouragement of a specific behavior.

What are common examples of negative punishment we can easily observe in real-life?

There are many common punishments we can observe in our everyday lives that can discourage a specific behavior, attitude, or action. One of the most salient examples we can observe is the punishment entailed by specific crimes like theft and murder. When a person is caught committing these crimes their freedom and comfort are taken away from them when they are found guilty and given their punishment. Another less intense example is when a child does something that their parents will disapprove of or disagree with. This action would often result in a specific gadget being temporarily embargoed or a grounding. Any action that will lead to negative consequences, which will take away a specific function or item from a person is a form and the main theme of negative punishment.

What is the difference between positive and negative punishment?

Positive punishment is a mode of operant conditioning that adds a negative stimulus to discourage a specific organism to do a specific action or behavior. Negative punishment is a mode of operant conditioning that removes a positive stimulus from a specific organism to discourage or minimize the occurrence of a specific action or behavior. Positive punishment presents a risk as it will have a chance to manifest the subject’s avoidant behavior instead of reinforcing a replacement behavior to minimize the effects of the punishment. In conclusion, the difference between positive punishment and negative punishment is in the trainer’s decision to add or take away a negative stimulus to reduce the occurrence of a specific behavior.

Negative punishment is a type of punishment wherein the trainer takes away a positive stimulus for the subject in an attempt to reduce the occurrence of a specific behavior. There are many ways to train an animal, but one of the most effective techniques is through negative punishment. But take note that punishment, in the context of operant conditioning, is more of a learning tool rather than a method of punishing bad behavior.

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