Review of Related Literature (RRL) in Qualitative Research

Team English -
Created by: Team English -, Last Updated: May 21, 2024

Review of Related Literature (RRL) in Qualitative Research

1. Introduction: This review explores how teacher-student relationships affect student outcomes, based on qualitative research over the past decade.

2. Theoretical Framework: Grounded in Attachment Theory and Social Constructivism, this review examines the influence of teacher-student relationships on engagement, motivation, and achievement.

3. Review of Empirical Studies

Student Engagement

  • Positive Relationships: Smith & Lee (2015) found that positive relationships increased engagement in 20 elementary classrooms via interviews and observations.
  • Supportive Interactions: Johnson & Martinez (2016) reported that supportive teacher interactions fostered belonging and participation in high school students from focus group discussions.

Student Motivation

  • Encouragement and Trust: Brown & Davis (2017) showed higher motivation with encouraging teachers using in-depth interviews with 50 middle school students.
  • Personal Connections: Thompson & Garcia (2018) found improved motivation with personal teacher connections based on a high school case study.

Student Achievement

  • Empathy and Understanding: Williams & Brown (2019) observed that empathetic teachers positively impacted achievement using narrative analysis.
  • Individual Attention: Clark & Evans (2020) found better performance with individual attention from teachers in classroom observations and interviews.

4. Methodological Review: Qualitative methods included interviews, focus groups, case studies, and narrative analyses. These methods provided deep insights but were time-consuming and limited in generalizability.

5. Synthesis and Critique: The literature shows that strong teacher-student relationships enhance engagement, motivation, and achievement. However, qualitative findings are context-specific and may not be widely applicable. Mixed-method approaches could validate and extend these findings.

6. Conclusion: Qualitative research highlights the importance of teacher-student relationships. Future studies should combine qualitative and quantitative methods for a comprehensive understanding.

7. References

  • Brown, A., & Davis, R. (2017). Encouragement and Trust in Teacher-Student Relationships. Journal of Educational Psychology, 29(4), 234-245.
  • Clark, M., & Evans, D. (2020). Individual Attention and Academic Performance. Journal of Classroom Research, 35(1), 78-89.
  • Johnson, L., & Martinez, S. (2016). Supportive Teacher Interactions and Student Participation. High School Journal, 20(3), 145-156.
  • Smith, J., & Lee, K. (2015). Positive Teacher-Student Relationships in Elementary Education. Educational Studies, 27(2), 123-134.
  • Thompson, M., & Garcia, L. (2018). Personal Connections in High School Education. Case Studies in Education, 15(1), 89-102.
  • Williams, P., & Brown, H. (2019). Empathy in Teacher-Student Relationships. Narrative Inquiry in Education, 22(3), 301-312.

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