Review of Related Literature (RRL) in Research

Team English -
Created by: Team English -, Last Updated: May 21, 2024

Review of Related Literature (RRL) in Research

1. Introduction: This review explores research on social media’s impact on mental health, focusing on anxiety and depression, over the past ten years.

2. Theoretical Framework: Anchored in Social Comparison Theory and Uses and Gratifications Theory, this review examines how social media interactions affect mental health.

3. Review of Empirical Studies

Adolescents’ Mental Health

  • Instagram & Body Image: Smith & Johnson (2017) linked Instagram use to body image issues and lower self-esteem in 500 high school students.
  • Facebook & Anxiety: Brown & Green (2016) reported higher anxiety and depressive symptoms with Facebook use in a longitudinal study of 300 students.

Young Adults’ Mental Health

  • Twitter & Stress: Davis & Lee (2018) showed higher stress levels among heavy Twitter users in a survey of 400 university students.
  • LinkedIn & Self-Esteem: Miller & White (2019) found LinkedIn use positively influenced professional self-esteem in 200 young professionals.

Adults’ Mental Health

  • General Social Media Use: Thompson & Evans (2020) found moderate social media use linked to better mental health, while excessive use correlated with higher anxiety and depression in 1,000 adults.

4. Methodological Review: Studies used cross-sectional surveys, longitudinal designs, and mixed methods. Cross-sectional surveys provided large data sets but couldn’t infer causation. Longitudinal studies offered insights into long-term effects but were resource-intensive. Mixed methods enriched data with qualitative insights but required careful integration.

5. Synthesis and Critique: The literature shows a complex relationship between social media use and mental health, with platform-specific and demographic-specific effects. However, reliance on self-reported data introduces bias, and many studies limit causal inference. More longitudinal and experimental research is needed.

6. Conclusion: Current research offers insights into social media’s mental health impact but leaves gaps, particularly regarding long-term effects and causation. This study aims to address these gaps through comprehensive longitudinal analysis.

7. References

  • Brown, A., & Green, K. (2016). Facebook Use and Anxiety Among High School Students. Psychology in the Schools, 53(3), 257-264.
  • Davis, R., & Lee, S. (2018). Twitter and Psychological Stress: A Study of University Students. Journal of College Student Development, 59(2), 120-135.
  • Miller, P., & White, H. (2019). LinkedIn and Its Effect on Professional Self-Esteem. Journal of Applied Psychology, 104(1), 78-90.
  • Smith, J., & Johnson, L. (2017). The Impact of Instagram on Teen Body Image. Journal of Adolescent Health, 60(5), 555-560.
  • Thompson, M., & Evans, D. (2020). The Relationship Between Social Media Use and Mental Health in Adults. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 23(4), 201-208.

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