Essay on Dusshera

Dussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor across various parts of India and the world. It marks the victory of good over evil and is observed on the tenth day of the Hindu lunar month of Ashvin, which typically falls in September or October. This essay delves into the origins, significance, and ways Dussehra is celebrated, aiming to provide a comprehensive understanding of this vibrant festival.

Origins and Significance

The festival of Dussehra has its roots in ancient Hindu scriptures and mythology, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil. The most popular legend associated with Dussehra is from the epic Ramayana, which narrates the story of Lord Rama’s victory over the demon king Ravana. According to the epic, Ravana kidnapped Sita, Lord Rama’s wife, leading to a fierce battle in Lanka (present-day Sri Lanka). After a prolonged battle, Lord Rama, with the help of his loyal devotee Hanuman and an army of monkeys, defeated Ravana on the tenth day, which is celebrated as Dussehra. This victory symbolizes the victory of righteousness and truth over deceit and evil.

Celebrations Across India

Dussehra is celebrated in diverse ways across India, each region adding its unique flavor and tradition to the festivities.

Cultural Celebrations of Durga Puja

Durga Puja, also known as Durgotsava or Sharadotsav, is a profound and vibrant festival that reverberates with the cultural essence and religious fervor of Hinduism, primarily celebrated in the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Tripura, and Odisha. This festival, which marks the victory of Goddess Durga over the buffalo demon Mahishasura, showcases a unique blend of ritualistic traditions, artistic expression, and community participation, making it a pivotal occasion in the cultural calendar of India and among Indian communities worldwide.

Historical Significance and Mythology

Durga Puja commemorates the mythical tale of Goddess Durga’s descent to earth, her battle against the demon Mahishasura, and her eventual victory, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil. The festival is deeply rooted in Hindu mythology and is celebrated during the lunar month of Ashvin (September-October), culminating in the last five days, which are considered the most auspicious.

Rituals and Practices

The celebration spans ten days, with the last five days being the most significant, including Mahalaya, Shashthi, Maha Saptami, Maha Ashtami, Maha Navami, and Vijaya Dashami. Each day has its own set of rituals and practices:

Cultural Aspects and Celebrations

The cultural dimensions of Durga Puja are vast and varied:

Global Celebrations

While Durga Puja is predominantly celebrated in India, its charm and fervor has crossed geographical boundaries. Indian diaspora communities across the globe, including in the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, celebrate Durga Puja, making it a global phenomenon. These celebrations not only keep the cultural heritage alive but also introduce these traditions to diverse populations worldwide.

Scientific Reason Behind Dussehra

ussehra, also known as Vijayadashami, is a significant Hindu festival celebrated at the end of Navratri every year. It marks the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil. Beyond its mythological and religious significance, there are several scientific reasons and natural phenomena that align with the timing and observance of Dussehra, offering insights into the festival’s deep-rooted connection with nature and human well-being.

Lessons from Durga Puja for Students

Durga Puja, with its rich tapestry of culture, mythology, and tradition, offers a plethora of lessons for students, transcending the confines of mere celebration to impart values and insights crucial for personal growth and development. Here are some valuable lessons students can learn from Durga Puja:


In conclusion, Dussehra stands as a beacon of hope, symbolizing the eternal struggle between good and evil and the ultimate victory of good. It is a time for rejoicing, reflection, and renewal of our commitments to follow the path of virtue and righteousness. Celebrated with diverse customs and traditions across India, Dussehra vividly showcases the country’s rich cultural tapestry and unity in diversity. As we partake in the festivities, let us also embrace the deeper significance of Dussehra, striving to overcome the evils within us and in society, paving the way for a more just and moral world.

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