Cumulative Sentence Examples

Sentence arrangement can be classified as balanced, periodic, or cumulative. Learn more about cumulative sentences with help of examples we have provided in this article. You may also see the simple sentences.


What is a Cumulative Sentence?

A cumulative sentence, which is also known as a “loose sentence”, is a sentence that starts with an independent clause or main clause. This independent or main clause provides the main idea that is expressed in a simple and direct manner. After the independent or main clause, the subordinate elements or modifiers are added. The subordinate or modifying elements are mostly incorporated after the subject and predicate. You may also see the Complex Sentences

This type of sentence is used by writers when they want to introduce the main idea first before expounding on the details. The rest of the details are in the form of dependent or subordinate phrases/clauses. You may also see the Topic Sentences

Usage of Cumulative Sentences

One way of effectively using this type of sentence is when you would be explaining theories. In explaining theories, it is often suggested that you introduce the main idea first at the beginning of the sentence. After introducing the main idea, it is then suggested that you add more information in order to prove your main idea. You may also see the Balanced Sentences

Another way to make use of cumulative sentences is to create a scene for panning (like in movies). You could use it when the scene introduces a critical moment or when a character reminisces a memory. You may also see the Periodic Sentences.

Cumulative Sentence Examples

1. I went to the mall yesterday, bought shirts and bags, and ate at the newly-opened restaurant.

2. The Philippines is a great vacation spot for families and friends, with beaches and other natural tourist spots to enjoy. You may also see the sentence fragment.

3. I could tell my father is mad from his silence and indifference towards us.

4. You can pass the exam with good study habits and a good night sleep.

5. She decided to major in nursing, even though she really wanted to study architecture or engineering.

6. He finally completed his assignment after a long day of meetings and a long night of hard work. You may also see the compound sentences.

7. Alisha cut classes without telling anyone from her circle of friends and family.

8. We soon became fond of each other, due to our love for books and the mysterious aura he exudes.

9. Mia made some great do-it-yourself project videos on her YouTube channel, including a video on life hacks.

10. I like all kinds of song genres, like rock, pop, classical, rnb and hip-hop. You may also see the declarative sentences.

11. The spoiled baby started crying when she didn’t get her toys and milk at the usual time.

12. Her husband was elated when he held their baby for the first time after his wife gave birth.

Examples of Cumulative Sentences in Literature

Here are some examples of cumulative sentences in literature. Take note of the texts in bold.

1. More Die of Heartbreak by Saul Bellow

“The radiators put out lots of heat, too much, in fact, and old-fashioned sounds and smells came with it, exhalations of the matter that composes our own mortality, and reminiscent of the intimate gases we all diffuse.” You may also see exclamatory sentences.

2. Some Dreamers of the Golden Dream by Joan Didion

“The San Bernardino Valley lies only an hour east of Los Angeles by the San Bernardino Freeway but is in certain ways an alien place: Not the coastal California of the subtropical twilights and the soft westerlies off the Pacific but a harsher California, haunted by the Mojave just beyond the mountains, devastated by the hot dry Santa Ana wind that comes down through the passes at 100 miles an hour and whines through the eucalyptus windbreaks and works on the nerves.” You may also see the complete and incomplete sentences.

3. Life and Times of Chaucer by John Gardne

The unwieldy provision carts, draught horses, and heavily armed knights kept the advance down to nine miles a day, the huge horde moving in three parallel columns, cutting broad highways of litter and devastation through an already abandoned countryside, many of the adventurers now traveling on foot, having sold their horses for bread or having slaughtered them for meat.” You may also see the preposition sentences.

4. Gentlemen of the Road by Michael Chabon

He wept silently, after the custom of shamed and angry men, so that when the pursuit party came tumbling, pounding, scrabbling down the trail, past the fold in which he and Hillel stood concealed, he could hear the creak and rattle of their leather armor with its scales of horn; and when the Arsiyah returned, just before daybreak, at the very hour when all of the creation seemed to fall silent as if fighting off tears, Zelikman could hear the rumbling of the men’s bellies and the grit in their eyelids and the hollowness of failure sounding in their chests.” You may also see the run on sentences.

5. A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift

“I have been assured by a very knowing American friend of my acquaintance in London, that a young healthy child well nourished is at a year old a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked or boiled; and I make no doubt it will equally serve in a fricassee or a ragout.” You may also see the interrogative sentences.

6. An American Childhood by Annie Dillard

“I write this at a wide desk in a pine shed as I always do these recent years, in this life I pray will last, while the summer sun closes the sky to Orion and to all the other winter stars over my roof.”

7. Plainsong by Kent Haruf

“Here was this man Tom Guthrie in Holt standing at the back window in the kitchen of his house smoking cigarettes and looking out over the back lot where the sun was just coming up.” You may also see the negative sentences.

The texts that are in bold are the main idea and the rest are the details. If you have noticed the supporting details are quite long and that it already seemed like a run-on sentence. All you have to do is to make sure that you use parallelism to keep related ideas in a similar form.

Functions of Cumulative Sentence

Even though cumulative sentences can be lenghty, it cannot be denied that is easier to understand. This is because it is expressed in a straightforward and simple manner that you would already understand the thought of the sentence before you arrive at the middle part. You may also see the Conditional Sentence – Definition and Examples.

Even though the details written after the main idea are just add-ons, they are relatively important. The additional details expound the main idea further given that the main idea is usually expressed in a straightforward manner. You may also see the Different Types of Transitional Phrases and Sentences.

While there are some people who would find this type of sentence strange, this type of sentence is helpful in helping authors reach their goals. There are writers who are very detailed in the scenes they write, thus relying on cumulative sentences to make it work. However, writers who specialize in horror genres cannot use this type of sentence because an explanation or information is added after the main point of the sentence has been written, removing the element of surprise or shock which is the main goal of horror/suspense stories. You may also see the Parallel Sentences — Structure and Examples.

If you want to narrate events, you can make use of a cumulative sentence because it gives an informal, conversational, and relaxed feeling to the people you are talking to. You may also see the How to Write Short Sentences.

You also have to admit that not all people like to read. There are some people who would find intricate details annoying and unnecessary that they would immediately look for the main idea of the sentence. With cumulative sentences, you can actually appeal to those kinds of readers. It helps your readers maintian their interest while also giving  them immediately the main idea of the sentence. You may also see the compound sentences.

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