Declarative Sentence – Definition & Examples

Imagine a conversation wherein we would only be using the exclamatory sentences, interrogative sentences, and imperative sentences — unimaginable, right?

Through declarative sentences, we are able to state facts and information that makes up our daily conversations.

Declarative sentences are the statements we answer to an imperative statement. If you are told “Will you please close the door?”, you can add a reply to the imperative and say “Yes, I will close the door”.

Declarative sentences are used to answer an interrogative statement. When you are asked “What did you eat for breakfast?“, you answer with “I ate bacon and eggs for breakfast”.

Exclamatory sentences can be declarative sentences as well especially when it would be stating a fact or information.

 

 

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There are four types of sentences, namely:  declarative sentence, exclamatory sentence, interrogative, sentence, and imperative sentence.

The type of sentence that is considered as the most basic is the declarative sentence and this article will help you learn more about it.

 

Defining Declarative Sentences

A declarative sentence is a type of sentence that states a fact, information, or an argument.

A declarative sentence should always end with a full stop/ period (.).

A declarative sentence should always express using the present tense and it should be in an active state. The subject of a declarative sentence should precede the verb.

 

Types of Declarative Sentences

Declarative sentences are either simple or compound.

Simple declarative sentences, or simple sentences, is a simple way of connecting a subject and a verb.

Examples:

  • I missed you a lot.
  • You have me.
  • She cried out loud.
  • He ran fast.
  • He could be your partner.
  • They traveled for months.
  • These are my shoes.
  • This is my pet.
  • The dog barked all night long.
  • Those dresses used to be mine.

Compound declarative sentences, or compound sentences, would join two independent clauses together using coordinating conjunctions. Coordinators include For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, and So.

You can remember the coordinators with the help of the FANBOYS mnemonic.

  • I missed you a lot for you were absent the entire week.
  • You have me and you have him, too.
  • Neither did she cry out loud nor cry on her own.
  • He ran fast but I was able to catch up.
  • He could be your partner or I could be your partner.
  • They traveled for months yet they were still not happy.
  • These are my shoes yet my sister keeps on borrowing it.
  • The dog barked all night long so I had to shut the doors tight.
  • Those dresses used to be mine but I gave it to her.

It is also possible not to use conjunctions. Instead, you can use a semicolon to form a compound declarative sentence and omit the conjunction altogether.

 

Declarative Sentences in Different Types of Sentences

There are instances when declarative sentences are written in the form of the other types of sentences interrogative, exclamatory, and imperative.

Declarative Sentences vs. Interrogative Sentences

Declarative sentences can actually be phrased in a way you would phrase an interrogative sentence.

But the difference is their usage or purpose. Interrogative sentences are used to ask a question to get an information while the purpose of a declarative sentence that is phrased like an interrogative sentence is simply to clarify the information stated.

Although declarative sentences can be phrased like interrogative sentences, the subject should always come first before the verb.

To differentiate between an interrogative sentence and a declarative sentence addressed in an interrogative format, try changing the punctuation mark used (question mark- ?) used to end the sentence with a full stop or a period (.). If it still makes sense, it is a declarative sentence because if you would put a full stop on interrogative sentence, it would sound off.

Examples:

  • Interrogative sentence: Did he leave first?
    Declarative sentence: He did leave first?
  • Interrogative sentence: Does it hurt?
    Declarative sentence: It does hurt?
  • Interrogative sentence: Didn’t he miss you?
    Declarative sentence: He didn’t miss you?
  • Interrogative sentence: Isn’t she a wonderful kid?
    Declarative sentence: She isn’t a wonderful kid?
  • Interrogative sentence: Did he drink the wine?
    Declarative sentence: He did drink the wine?

If you’re still having difficulty distinguishing the two types of sentences, try expressing both with a tag question added. A declarative sentence will still make sense; the imperative would not make sense anymore.

 

Declarative Sentences vs. Imperative Sentences

There are some people who would get confused between declarative sentences and imperative sentences because both types of sentences end in a full stop or a period (.).

Declaratives, like other types of sentences, can be expressed in either positive or negative form, depending on the verb. To distinguish them from imperatives, remember to look for a visible or obvious subject.

In differentiating between declarative sentences between imperative sentences, you have to look at the verb used in the sentence.

Here are some examples in modifying imperative sentences to declarative sentences:

  • Imperative sentence: Don’t disobey your elders.
    Declarative sentence: You do not disobey your elders.
  • Imperative sentence: Please enter the room.
    Declarative sentence: You enter the room.
  • Imperative sentence:  Don’t cry on wedding ceremonies. 
    Declarative sentence: You do not cry on wedding ceremonies.
  • Imperative sentence: Please close the door.
    Declarative sentence: You close the door.
  • Imperative sentence: Do your own thing.
    Declarative sentence: You do your own thing.

 

Declarative Sentences vs. Exclamatory Sentences

If a statement is punctuated like that of an exclamatory statement but states a fact or information, it can also be considered as a declarative statement. Declarative sentences can also be written in an exclamatory sentence form although this is a less common way writing a declarative sentence and it goes down to the context of the statement.

Here are some examples of declarative sentences written in an exclamatory sentence format:

  • He found out the solution to the problem!
  • The astronauts landed on the moon before!
  • The cure for sore eyes has long been discovered!

 

We hope this article helped you in writing declarative sentences better. Knowing how to write a declarative sentence is important especially if you would want to provide information to your readers. It is also important to know the difference and how to identify declarative sentences from the other types of sentences. Declarative sentences are very important in our lives that it is entirely unimaginable to have an interaction without having a conversation using declarative sentences.

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