Preposition Sentences Examples

Communication is part of our day-to-day lives. When we communicate, it is our aim to make the people we’re communicating with to understand the message we relay to them. Correct grammar is important to the structure of the sentences, even the ordinary phrases, we say because this makes the message we deliver cohesive and comprehensive. There are eight parts of speech that contribute a lot to make our messages cohesive and comprehensive, namely: verbs, nouns, pronouns, adverbs, adjectives, conjunctions, interjections, and commonly used prepositions. These parts of speech define the use and function of a word within a sentence construction. It is important to understand the parts of speech because a word can have one more function and the parts of speech can help in determining the definition and the way words are used in a sentence construction. In this article, we would discuss one of the parts of speech — preposition.

prepositions

What is a Preposition?

A preposition, like the other parts of speech, is important especially in the English grammar since it provides information to the receivers of the message such as the place, time, and date of an event and even in describing something or someone. Prepositions are usually placed before a noun or pronoun to express the relationship between another noun used in the sentence construction. Prepositions are also used to introduce information to the receiver of the message. Information such as place, time, date, and even descriptive information. You may also see the Assonance and Consonance.

There are around 80 to 100 prepositions used in the English language.

Types of Prepositions

There are six types of prepositions:

1. Prepositions of Time

The prepositions of time indicate, as the terms suggest, time.

The prepositions of time include in, on, and at.

In

Sentence example using the preposition in:

1. I will have a tour in 2019.

2. I will meet you in the 3rd week of January

3. I used to hang out in the past.

On

Sentence example using the preposition on:

1. She will have a concert tour on Monday

2. She will have her birthday on the 11th of August

3. I will have a break on Independence Day.

At

Sentence example using the preposition at:

1. He will open the concert at 6:00 PM.

2. He will meet you at night.

3. I will leave at lunchtime.

2. Prepositions of Place

The aforementioned prepositions in, on, and at, can also be used to indicate places

In

Sentence example using the preposition in:

1. I live in the United States of America.

2. I hang out in a library.

3. I like to keep my pets in a room.

On

Sentence example using the preposition on:

1. She left the music box on the table.

2. She wrote a message for me on the blackboard.

3. I scribbled a note on the map.

At

Sentence example using the preposition at:

1. He will tell her to meet at the bus stop.

2. He is currently at the entrance gate.

3. I will hang out tonight at the edge of the cliff.

3. Prepositions for Direction

These prepositions, namely into, to, through, and towards

Sentences using the preposition for direction:

1. The students are heading to the ground.

2. The dog was running towards the field.

3. The participants were walking through the forest.

4. The woman was walking into the woods.

4. Prepositions of Agent

These prepositions, namely by and with, are used to show a causal relationship between the doer of the action or the noun and the action.

By

Sentence example using the preposition of agent:

1. A drink was mixed by the bartender.

2. The machine was invented by the students.

3. A lot of eggs was broken by the bagger.

5. Prepositions of Instrument, Devices or Machine

These prepositions, namely on, by, and with, are used to join the subject of the sentence or the noun to other words used in the sentence.
Sentence examples using the prepositions of an instrument, devices, or machine:

1. She arrived home by bus.

2. The canned good cannot be opened with the knife.

3. She baked the cupcakes with a crockpot.

Kinds of Prepositions

If there are types of preposition, there are also kinds of preposition:

1. Simple Preposition

The simple prepositions, the short, one-worded ones used in simple sentences.
Here are some simple prepositions:

  1. at
  2. by
  3. for
  4. from
  5. in
  6. into
  7. of
  8. off
  9. on
  10. out
  11. over
  12. till
  13. to
  14. up
  15. upon
  16. with
  17. under
  18. down

Examples of sentences with simple preposition:

  1. I am heading to the airport.
  2. He is from the neighboring town.
  3. She fell into the water.
  4. We stood by the riverbank.
  5. They bought the roasted pig for tomorrow’s celebration.
  6. Compound Preposition
  • Compound prepositions are formed by adding preposition before introducing the noun, an adjective or an adverb. It is when we join nouns, pronouns, and phrases that we can form or create compound prepositions. You may also see the Kid Friendly Idioms.

Some Compound Prepositions:

  1. about
  2. across
  3. among
  4. beside
  5. before
  6. without
  7. inside
  8. outside

Examples of sentences with compound prepositions:

  1. The girl is sleeping beside her mother and her father
  2. She left before he arrived.
  3. He always talks about her.
  4. I just live across the street.
  5. She could not live without her dog.

2. Double Preposition

Double prepositions are two prepositions joined together to make a connection between the nouns, pronouns, and phrases in a sentence which is joined together to connect nouns, pronouns, and phases with other words in a sentence.

Here are some of the common double prepositions:

  1. outside of
  2. out of
  3. from behind
  4. up to
  5. next to
  6. because of
  7. according to

Examples of sentences with a compound preposition:

  1. A cute cat emerged from behind the post.
  2. The event was canceled because of the rain.
  3. Next to writing, my favorite hobby is drawing.

3. Participle Preposition

The participle preposition is formed when you would add -ing to the verbs but it does not act as verbs but as participle which functions similar to that of an adjective.

Here are some of the common participle preposition:

  1. considering
  2. during
  3. following
  4. including

Examples of sentences with compound prepositions:

  1. Considering the given situation, the teacher should have understood our side,
  2. He was a heroic icon during the war.
  3. Following the death of her parents, their son inherited the mansion.
  4. No one should be exempted from the incident including the class officers.

Formal Functions of Prepositions

Prepositions have three formal functions, namely:

  1. as an adjective modifying a noun
  2. as an adverb modifying verb; and,
  3. as a nominal when it used in conjunction and along with the verb form “to be”.

What is a Prepositional Phrase?

Learning about prepositions, you might also hear about the prepositional phrase. Prepositions are always a part of a prepositional phrase.  A prepositional phrase functions either as an adjective or an adverb. Alliteration Examples and Samples For Kids

Functions of a Prepositional Phrase

As previously mentioned, there are two functions of a prepositional phrase, namely as an adjective and as an adverb.

A prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective, answers the question “which one?”.

Examples:

1. The lamp on the bedside table is broken from overheating.

Which lamp (one)? The one on the bedside table.

The prepositional phrase “on the bedside table” acts as an adjective to “the lamp”.

2. The ham sandwiches in the refrigerator are all green with mold.

Which ham sandwiches (one)? The one in the refrigerator.

The prepositional phrase “in the refrigerator” acts as an adjective to “the lamp”.

3. The letter from the principal indicated that he has been suspended.

Which letter (one)? The one from the principal.

The prepositional phrase “from the principal” acts as an adjective to “the letter”.

A prepositional phrase that acts as an adverb answers the questions “How?” “When?”, and “Where?”.

Examples:

1. In the evening, he would wash the dishes.

When does he wash the dishes? In the evening.

The prepositional phrase “in the evening” acts as an adverb of time.

2. On the topmost table, you can find the goods.

Where can you find the goods? On the topmost table.

The prepositional phrase “on the topmost table” acts as an adverb of place.

3. By standing straight, he manages to balance.

How did he manage to balance? By standing straight.

The prepositional phrase “by standing straight” acts as an adverb of manner.

More Education

More Examples in

up-arrow