A job safety analysis is a procedure that can help a company integrate accepted safety and health principles and practices into a particular task or job operation. In a JSA, every step, even the most basic, seemingly harmless ones, in the job has a potential hazard simply waiting to strike on its next victim, which is why the analysis offers recommendations on the safest way to execute the job.You may also see hazard analysis examples
A job safety analysis will break the possible job hazards so that the company can prepare and protect their employees against them. Some hazard analyses only focus on the aspects of the job, while some follow a thorough methodology regarding broader aspects aside from safety. This approach is known as total job analysis.You may also see business analysis examples.
Safety is an important part of every job. It’s not just an element that a company’s management can choose to prioritize or ignore, although there are some who treat it that way. It’s the responsibility of the company to make sure that their employees are in the best hands. Not only will it keep you from endangering the lives of those who work for you, it will also save you from the hassle of cleaning up the mess that an unsafe working environment can cause.You may also see analysis examples.
For a job safety analysis to work, the management will need to observe the way their workers perform their jobs. By doing so, they will be able to recognize the hazards more effectively since they are not merely working on individual memory or assumptions. They witness how their employees execute their tasks and identify the dangers in their routines.You may also see statement analysis.
The management can choose to create a group of experienced workers and supervisors to complete the analysis by observation followed by a thorough discussion of the gathered information. This will produce in a diverse group of experienced people who can come up with useful data for the rest of the employees.You may also see customer analysis examples.
The analysis process will also detect previously unnoticed hazards. It will also increase the job knowledge of the participants. Aside from raising safety and health awareness, communication between workers and supervisors is also improved since these individuals will have to work together to finish the job.You may also see company analysis
The results of the job safety analysis can also serve as a teaching aid for initial job training, while simultaneously providing a reliable guide for infrequent or new jobs. It can be used as a standard for health and safety inspections, and can assist in comprehensive accident investigations should the need arise.You may also see sales analysis.
Before a job safety analysis can be conducted, all of the jobs in the company that needs to be assessed must be listed down. Ideally, the entire list should be subject to the analysis. However, there are certain cases wherein practical constraints hinder the management from performing a thorough JSA. In other words, sometimes, the company’s combined time and effort is not enough to fully assess every single job and position in all the departments.You may also see industry analysis examples.
There are also times when the job safety analysis needs to be altered along with the changes in equipment, raw materials, processes, or the general environment. Since the elements and the setting where the employees work have changed, so will the hazards. This will require another set of JSA, which will deem the previous one as unreliable.
Because of these inconsistencies and inevitable issues, it is often best to first choose which jobs need to be analyzed. Yes, if the situation allows it, all of the jobs will be subjected to a safety analysis. But if it doesn’t, choosing the most critical of the jobs to be prioritized can come in handy.You may also see operational analysis examples.
There are a few factors that a management can consider when setting priorities of their job analysis:
Jobs where accidents occur frequently should, of course, be prioritized. For example, if you will have to choose between a desk job and a job at a construction site, in terms of hazard priorities, the latter should come first. Aside from unpredictable natural disasters and bad posture, there are lesser dangers in desk jobs in comparison to those who work next to big machines outdoors.You may also see organizational analysis examples.
Prioritize the jobs where the employees are in a more hazardous condition, or exposed to harmful products and toxic materials. Their working environment itself is already a hazard. These workers are subjected to constant danger. It only makes sense to put them first.You may also see financial analysis examples.
Since no one in the company is familiar with these new positions and routines, job hazards may not be evident. It may take you some time to observe it until you can easily predict the danger that may possibly strike the workers. It’s best to prioritize them in your JSA until you learn more about it.You may also see feasibility analysis examples.
Current job positions whose roles and responsibilities have been altered may also bring new hazards with them. They should be treated the way newly established jobs are.
These jobs, although already existing in the company, may still present hazards that are unfamiliar to everyone because they are only seldom performed. Through a JSA, the hazards will be reviewed even if the job is not regularly performed. You may also see impact analysis examples.
Once you have finished choosing jobs for your analysis, the next stage is to break these jobs into steps, which will divide the whole operation into more comprehensible segments necessary to advance the work.Make sure that these steps are not too general though. If you miss even one specific step, there is a big chance that you will overlook their associated hazards as well. But avoid making them too detailed too. It could only result in many steps which you will have to review one by one. It can only unnecessarily lengthen the process.You may also see regression analysis examples.
An unwritten rule states that jobs can be described in less than ten steps. If you need more than that, chances are you’re doing something incorrectly. But if you think that more than ten steps are really necessary, then divide the job into two segments, each with a different JSA so that the process can be easier to handle.You may also see hospital swot analysis examples.
This part of the analysis will be prepared by watching an actual worker perform the job. The observer, who is usually the immediate supervisor, must be accompanied by a member of the health and safety committee. This way, the chances of missing a key point is slim.You may also see investment analysis examples.
The observation must be conducted during normal times and normal situations to make the results as accurate as possible. For example, the job is normally done at night. This procedure must not be changed because of the presence of a supervisor. The worker must still work at night. The only change is the observant for the JSA.You may also fault tree analysis examples.
Once completed, the breakdown of these steps must be discussed by all of the participants, always including the worker who knows the work setting more than anyone, to make sure that all of the basic steps are listed down in correct order.You may also see financial health analysis examples
Once the basic steps are recorded, it will be easier to thoroughly identify potential hazards in each one. It’s now time to list all of the things that could go wrong during every step based on your observation of the way the worker performed his job. You may also see internal audit swot analysis.
This is the final stage in the Job Hazard Analysis process. It’s meant to determine ways on how to eliminate or control the hazards that have been identified during the previous steps. Of course, after recognizing the possible dangers and accidents that everyone in the company is vulnerable to, it only makes sense to create a plan on how to counter these threats.You may also see manager swot analysis examples.
There are certain generally accepted measures that companies can choose from for this stage in the whole process:
Elimination is, needless to say, the most effective measure. Getting rid of the hazards and the threats altogether is the most reassuring way of making sure that the safety of the employees is not jeopardized. Here are certain techniques on how to eliminate these hazards:
If the routine that the company has been practicing for a long time has proved itself to be more dangerous than useful, it’s best to get rid of it instead of endangering everyone in the company. Come up with a different method of executing your work that will offer less danger for your workers.You may also see behavior analysis overview and examples
If the first option is out of the question, if you can’t simply get rid of the whole process, then opt to modify certain parts of it, preferably the parts that are most dangerous.
Say your employees need to work with an unsafe chemical to create your products. If, over time, your employees’ health deteriorate because of their contact with the said ingredient, perhaps it’s time to exchange it with a chemical with less alarming results. Even if the change will somehow disrupt your operation, it shouldn’t keep you from prioritizing everyone’s safety.You may also see competitive analysis examples.
Perhaps the hazards lie in the setting itself. Review your surroundings. Maybe you need better ventilation or better lighting. Perhaps some sort of renovation is necessary to ensure that your employees are not harmed because of an unsafe physical working environment.You may also see performance analysis report examples.
Check the machines that your workers use every day. They might be the cause of hazards in your office. Even something as unassuming as a swivel chair that causes your employees back pains and posture issues is considered a hazard. Take a real look at your equipment and tools, and see if there’s one that needs to go.You may also see free analysis examples.
If the hazard cannot be eliminated, you can choose to prevent contact with it by providing enclosures, machine guards, worker booths, or similar devices.
Perhaps the hazard is in the sequence of steps that your employees observe in performing their tasks. If so, modify the steps that you consider hazardous. Either you can exchange them for new ones, or you can add additional steps that can somehow balance the situation and the dangers it hide. You may also see data analysis report examples.
This is the least effective of all the options provided here, and this must only be applied if there are absolutely no other solutions possible. One way of minimizing the hazards in a work environment is by reducing the number of times the hazard is encountered, which means that exposure to it must be minimized.
You need to make a list of the preventive measures you can take in order to reduce your workers’ exposure to the hazard. Be as specific with your statements as possible. You must describe what action needs to be taken, and how it will be performed.You may also see critical analysis examples.
Now that you know the four important steps needed to successfully conduct a job safety analysis, here are a few things to keep in mind:
It is your responsibility to let both employees and employers understand the hazards that are present in the same working environment they are in. Discuss with them what needs to be done and make them understand the reason behind your decisions. Explain to them that the goal is to study every task in the company to be able to get to know its technicalities and the dangers that come with it. Make sure you involve the employees in every step of the process. After all, they are the main victims should things go south since they are the ones in direct contact with the hazards. Make sure they are knowledgeable regarding what they need to do.You may also see cost benefit analysis examples.
The only way you can identify and predict hazards is by reviewing your company’s accidents, injury, illnesses, and near miss history to determine which jobs pose the highest risk to your people. Not looking back to your company’s records means that you will have to go through all this blindly, starting from the very beginning. This is a waste of time. The sooner you act on these hazards, the safer everyone will be. Use your company’s firsthand experience as a reference. You may also see gap analysis examples.
Ensure the safety of your workers by conducting a Job Safety Analysis. You may also see cluster analysis examples.