23+ Memo Templates & Examples in Apple Pages


To create unity and understanding within an organization, it’s important to have an efficient means of communication. One of the most versatile forms of sharing information is the memorandum. A memo is a written reminder often used in business settings to respond to questions and to relay information.

Because of the role they play in business communication, writing a good memo is vital to ensure that one’s objectives are successfully met. So in this article, we’ll discuss the basic components of a memo along with a few guidelines as to how they are written.

Elements of a Memo

Here are the essential elements of a good memo:

1. Heading: The heading is generally composed of the TO, CC, FROM, DATE, and SUBJECT of the memo. The subject line should indicate the topic of the memo in no more than a few words. This will tell readers what the memo is about to avoid a possible misunderstanding. While this isn’t always applicable, you can also list others who are receiving copies of the memo in the CC.

2. Opening: The context, task, and purpose of the memo is often introduced in the opening sentences or paragraphs of the memo. By describing the issue at hand, the solution to address it, and your reason for writing the memo, readers may understand their respective roles in the situation. Be sure to provide only as much information as your audience might need.

3. Summary: For memos that cover several issues or a detailed analysis in one document, a summary paragraph may be necessary. It’s a good idea to begin writing this portion once you have finished constructing the main body of your memo. Short reports will also require a summary of the methods and sources that were utilized to help convey important information in a clear and concise manner.

4. Discussion: This is where you must lay out all the facts, statistics, and hypotheses that support the ideas that you’ve presented. This should start with your strongest to weakest points. This section must also contain your recommendations to help resolve future problems that may occur. It’s best to follow a numbered or bulleted format for a more comprehensible discussion.

5. Closing: To formally end your business memo, use a courteous closing that presents the actions you want readers to take along with how these may benefit a targeted audience. Make sure to write this section once you have finished expressing the ideas relevant to the subject of your memo.

6. Attachments: It might be necessary to provide your readers with additional documentation in regards to the issue or problem that was described. This may include copies of a letter that had been exchanged, or graphs and diagrams of facts or statistics which illustrate the physical relationships of matters relevant to the subject. Avoid attaching materials that do not have a direct significance to your topic.

23+ Memo Templates

Sample Memo Example

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Audit Memo Example

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External Audit Memo Example

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Internal Audit Memo Example

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Business Memo to Employees

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External Audit Memo

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Investment Committee Memo

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Memo for Meeting Announcement

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Memorandum of Understanding between Two Parties

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Official Professional Memo

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Private Equity Investment Memo

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Private Placement Memo

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Simple Debit Memo

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Staff Meeting Memo

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Blank Meeting Memo

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Business Meeting Memo Template

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Company Meeting Memo

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Debit Memo

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Internal Memo Format

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Internal Memo to Employees

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Meeting Memo Template

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Meeting Minutes Memo

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Project Meeting Memo

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Sample Board Meeting Memo

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How to Write a Memo

Though the definition and purpose of a memo may seem simple enough, knowing how to write one still requires a specific format to follow. To help you, refer to the guidelines below:

1. Consider your memo’s intent: What is your memo trying to convey? Who are its targeted recipients? The answers to these questions will help you identify the purpose and audience of your memo. This will also help you determine an appropriate language and tone to use in order to make your message clear to readers.

2. Fill the heading: The heading refers to the details found right above the main text of your memo. This tells readers what the document is, whom it is addressed to, whom it is from, when it was sent, and what it is about. This should provide a clear indication of the text that follows. You may also see office memo examples.

3. Work on the body of your memo: This offers readers a detailed explanation of the topic being presented. This is usually kept short enough for readers to remember what was pointed out in the discussion. However, it’s important to maintain simplicity and clarity as well. Thus, technical terms or jargon must be eliminated to avoid misinterpretation.

4. Include citations: If you decide to include quoted materials from other sources, make sure they are cited properly in your memo. This is usually listed in a separate page for reference.

5. Proofread and edit: Errors and inconsistencies can make it difficult for readers to take your memo seriously. This will cause your communication efforts to lose its effectiveness. This is why it’s important to take the time to proofread and edit your content before submitting it. You can even have a fresh pair of eyes review your memo for any mistakes that may have been overlooked. This will keep your memo clear and error-free upon submission. You may also see internal memo examples.

Useful Tips for Writing an Effective Memo

Below are a few tips to consider when writing your memo:

  • Make sure there is a need to write one: Memos are typically used to address urgent matters in the quickest way possible. Try not to make the mistake of rambling in your memo without giving a definite indication of what it’s for. Writing and reading the memo will take up time, so you need to make sure it’s even necessary in the first place for everyone’s convenience.
  • Keep it as short as possible: Most people will want to go through your memo in the shortest time possible. People tend to be ignorant to lengthy notices as they lack the time and patience to fully absorb it. This means communicating your message in a brief and direct manner is much more preferred. The shorter it is, the more engaged your audience will be. You may also see management memo examples.
  • Use simple language: You don’t need to use fancy words and technical terms to effectively deliver a message. Complex language will only make your memo prone to confusion and misinterpretation. This will likely cause your readers to end up missing vital points in your memorandum. Therefore, it’s important to focus on communicating your message as opposed to impressing your audience.
  • Repeat the actions to be taken: A great way to build a sense of urgency and importance is to re-iterate what you need recipients to do once they have finished reading your memo. Simply state the action plan at the end and people will be reminded of what needs to be done.
  • Use bold letters when necessary: To draw attention to certain points, you can use bold letters to help emphasize your text. This will catch their eyes and make sure they have gotten the message.

Types of Memos

A formal memo can be used to communicate any given message to a receiving entity. Listed below are the common types of memos you’ll likely encounter in a business setting:

  • Request Memo: These are memos that are written to persuade the reader to respond to a request. The request is clearly stated along with the reasons behind it, the financial costs involved, the required expenses, and the recommended response. This should be written in a persuasive tone in order for the memo to achieve its desired objective.
  • Confirmation Memo: As the name implies, this type of memo is designed to confirm a matter that has been discussed and agreed upon verbally. This should remind the readers of the points that were tackled and encourage feedback regarding points that are unclear or misunderstood. It’s important to keep your message as specific as possible for easy comprehension. You may also see student memo examples.
  • Periodic Report Memo: These memos are sent at regular intervals. Some examples include monthly reports and quarterly sales reports. In most cases, a template is used so that data may be entered more quickly. Using a fill-in form will make it easy for you to submit a narrative or descriptive commentary to report on crucial business matters that need to be addressed.
  • Ideas and Suggestions Memo: It’s common for managers to ask their subordinates for ideas or suggestions regarding problems that they are currently facing. During such instances, this type of memo is necessary. The memo must have a positive tone to it to keep employees motivated and engaged for future projects. Make sure to focus on the point as well.
  • Informal Study Results Memo: When personnel of the organization are requested to write the results of an informal study, they may be tasked to write it in a memo. The findings and conclusions of the study must be written in a readable and comprehensible form to serve its purpose. You can also use a numbered list format to communicate your message in an organized manner.

Memo FAQs

What is the main purpose of a memo?

A memo generally has a twofold purpose: to draw attention to a problem and to solve it. These are used to inform its intended readers about new information that may concern them, such as policy changes, price increases, and holiday announcements. You can also use a memo to convince the reader to take an action, like attend a staff meeting or volunteer in the organization’s charity drive. These are typically sent to a targeted audience, depending on their primary purpose. You may also see audit memo examples.

Do you sign memos?

At the end of the memo, you need to sign your initials as opposed to an actual signature. They don’t usually include a signature due to the fact that they are almost always used internally. However, the purpose of the memo will tell you whether or not it requires your initials. If the memo communicates sensitive information, then you may include your initials to prove its validity.

What is the difference between a memo and a letter?

Memos and letters are pretty common in the world of business communication. However, they each possess a distinctive set of characteristics that differentiates one from the other. For instance, a memo is used to convey a short message. They are often exchanged between units and departments within the organization; thus, they are considered informal and succinct in nature. A letter, on the other hand, carries a compressed message that is shared to external parties, such as a client or investor.

Knowing how to write a good memo can be beneficial in a lot of ways. Once you’re sure the memo is coherent, succinct, and free of errors, you can send them out to recipients with confidence!

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