# Newton’s Second Law – Examples, PDF

Acceleration is a well-defined concept in force that denotes how fast an object changes direction and moves in a specific direction. This is heavily applied in vehicles like trains as they require a specific amount of acceleration to turn in a different direction. The reason why people know about this concept and force is through the dissection of Newton’s second law of motion.

## What Is Newton’s Second Law

Newton’s second law of motion can also be called the law of acceleration. This law of motion states that if a force is acted upon an object is greater than the rate of change in the direction of the object is proportional to the net force acting on the object concerning the overall mass of the object.  There are many easily observed examples of the application of Newton’s second law, one of which can be observed in the act of skateboarding. The rider of the skateboard must apply a specific force in a direction to change the overall direction and turn around the skateboard.

## How to Use Newton’s Second Law to Calculate Acceleration

The formula for Newton’s second law or the law of acceleration is a= F/m, Where a is the amount of acceleration (m/s^2 or meters per second squared), F is the total amount of force or net force (N or Newtons), and m is the total mass of the object (kg).

### Step 1: Write Down the Formula for Acceleration

Begin by writing down the formula of acceleration on your worksheet or a digital note-taking software of your choice. This will help outline the steps you will have to do and will provide structure for your final output.

### Step 2: List Out the Given Variables

After you have written down the formula for acceleration, you must list out the given variables the question has provided for you. Listing them out will prevent you from getting confused with the other variables in the question.

### Step 3: Change and Ensure the Variables are Using the Correct Measurements

Ensure that each of the variables you have listed is using the correct measurements used in the formula. This means that if there is a discrepancy between the measurement of a specific variable and the variable used in the formula, you will need to convert a said variable into the correct measurement.

### Step 4: Create the Equation via Substitution

When you have ensured that the variables are in the correct measurement, you can now substitute the variables into the solution. Doing the substitution will create a working equation where you may find the missing variable. Note that the missing variable has to be on the left side of the acceleration equation, which means you must maneuver all the variables to the correct positions.

### Step 5: Answer the Equation

by doing the correct mathematical operation. Note that the measurement provided by the equation is static, which means that if the question is asking for a specific measurement you will need to convert the answer to the correct form of measurement.

## What is Newton’s first law called?

Newton’s first law of motion is dubbed the law of inertia. This law states that if an object or a body is at rest it will continue to be at rest unless acted upon by an unbalanced and external force. An example of this law in action is seen in the movement of chairs. The chair will stay in place if no external force is applied to it and will be in a state of rest. But if an outside force is applied to the chair that is greater than the inertia exerted by the said chair, then it will move to a specific distance and direction based on the force acting upon it. Following this law, if the chair’s inertia is stronger than the external force, then it will not move from its position.

## What is Newton’s third law called?

Newton’s third law of motion is called the law of action and reaction. This law indicates that every force or action found in nature has an equal and opposite reaction. One can easily observe this law in the tugging motion of the game tug-of-war. Wherein one side pulls on the rope with a specific amount of force, while the other tries to pull it on their side with the same or more amount of force in the opposite direction. This will cause a cycle of actions and reactions in the form of pulling and resistance, which will end when one side overcomes the other. If one were to follow this law, a specific action creates a cause while the reaction is the effect of said cause.

## What is inertia and how does it relate to Newton’s second law?

Inertia is a specific amount of force internally exerted by an object that will try and resist an external force that will change its position or direction. This force affects all of Newton’s laws of motion as it will be the driving force of an object’s resistance to movement or change in direction. Both inertia and gravity affect the acceleration of a specific object accelerating in a single direction, as it will try and resist the movement brought about by acceleration.

Newton’s second law of motion or the law of acceleration allows people to understand how things in this world move and pick up speed as it trails in a single direction. Newton’s second law in action has allowed people to manufacture transportation that will allow other people to traverse large amounts of distances with greater ease and accessibility. Therefore it is important to understand the law of acceleration and how it affects a lot of things in our everyday life.