Review of Related Literature (RRL): Impact of E-learning on Student Performance

Team English -
Created by: Team English -, Last Updated: May 21, 2024

Review of Related Literature (RRL): Impact of E-learning on Student Performance

1. Introduction

This review examines the impact of e-learning on student performance over the past decade. With the increasing integration of digital technologies in education, understanding how e-learning affects academic outcomes is crucial.

2. Theoretical Framework

Grounded in Constructivist Theory and the Community of Inquiry framework, this review explores how e-learning environments, characterized by interaction and engagement, influence learning outcomes.

3. Review of Empirical Studies

Engagement and Retention

  • Johnson & Brown (2016) found that interactive e-learning tools significantly improved student engagement and retention in a study of 800 university students. The use of multimedia content and interactive quizzes kept students more involved in their learning process.

Academic Performance

  • Lee & Miller (2018) reported that students using e-learning platforms achieved higher test scores and grades compared to their peers in traditional classroom settings. Their study, involving 1,000 high school students, highlighted the role of self-paced learning and immediate feedback in enhancing academic performance.

Self-regulated Learning

  • Smith & Evans (2019) showed that e-learning fosters self-regulated learning skills among 500 middle school students. The study emphasized that students using e-learning platforms demonstrated better time management, goal-setting, and self-monitoring skills.

4. Methodological Review

The studies reviewed employed a variety of quantitative methods, including surveys, experiments, and longitudinal designs. Surveys provided extensive data but were limited by self-report biases. Experiments offered insights into causation but often lacked ecological validity. Longitudinal studies provided valuable long-term data but were resource-intensive.

5. Synthesis and Critique

The literature indicates that e-learning positively impacts student performance across various metrics, such as engagement, academic achievement, and self-regulated learning. However, the findings also highlight variability based on the e-learning tools used, student demographics, and implementation strategies. There are concerns regarding accessibility and the digital divide, which may affect the generalizability of these results.

6. Conclusion

Current research supports the benefits of e-learning on student performance, emphasizing enhanced engagement, better academic outcomes, and improved self-regulation. Nevertheless, more rigorous, controlled studies are needed to address inconsistencies and explore long-term impacts. Future research should focus on optimizing e-learning strategies and ensuring equitable access to digital education resources.

7. References

  • Johnson, L., & Brown, A. (2016). Interactive E-learning Tools and Student Engagement. Journal of Educational Technology, 10(4), 301-312.
  • Lee, P., & Miller, R. (2018). E-learning Platforms and Academic Performance. Journal of Online Learning, 15(2), 120-135.
  • Smith, J., & Evans, D. (2019). Self-regulated Learning in E-learning Environments. Journal of Educational Research, 48(3), 205-215.

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