Review of Related Literature (RRL): Impact of Technology on Healthcare Delivery

Team English -
Created by: Team English -, Last Updated: May 21, 2024

Review of Related Literature (RRL): Impact of Technology on Healthcare Delivery

1. Introduction

This review examines the impact of technology on healthcare delivery over the past decade. The integration of digital technologies in healthcare aims to improve patient outcomes, enhance care efficiency, and reduce costs.

2. Theoretical Framework

Based on Health Information Technology Theory and Telemedicine Theory, this review explores how technology improves healthcare delivery and patient outcomes.

3. Review of Empirical Studies

Electronic Health Records (EHRs)

  • Johnson & Smith (2016) found that EHRs improved patient care coordination and reduced medical errors in a study of 1,000 hospitals. The use of EHRs facilitated better communication among healthcare providers and access to patient records.


  • Lee & Brown (2017) reported that telemedicine reduced patient wait times and increased access to care in a survey of 500 clinics. Telemedicine allowed for remote consultations, which were particularly beneficial in rural areas.

Wearable Health Devices

  • Davis & Miller (2018) showed that wearable devices improved patient monitoring and early diagnosis in a study of 300 patients. These devices enabled continuous tracking of vital signs, leading to timely medical interventions.

4. Methodological Review

Studies employed various quantitative methods, including surveys, longitudinal designs, and experimental methods. Surveys provided extensive data but were limited by self-report biases. Longitudinal studies offered insights into long-term effects but were resource-intensive. Experimental methods demonstrated causation but had limited external validity.

5. Synthesis and Critique

The literature indicates that technology significantly improves healthcare delivery by enhancing patient care coordination, increasing access to care, and improving patient monitoring. However, challenges such as data security, integration with existing systems, and ensuring equitable access remain. More standardized and controlled studies are needed to address these issues.

6. Conclusion

Current research supports the positive impact of technology on healthcare delivery, highlighting improved patient outcomes and care efficiency. Further research is needed to optimize technology integration and address challenges related to data security and access.

7. References

  • Johnson, L., & Smith, A. (2016). Impact of EHRs on Patient Care Coordination. Journal of Health Information Technology, 10(4), 201-210.
  • Lee, P., & Brown, R. (2017). Telemedicine and Access to Care. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 15(2), 120-130.
  • Davis, M., & Miller, A. (2018). Wearable Health Devices and Patient Monitoring. Journal of Medical Devices, 33(3), 178-189.

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