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Created by: Team Physics -, Last Updated: April 25, 2024


What is Megahertz ?

Megahertz (MHz) is a unit of frequency measurement that is commonly used to describe the speed or frequency of electronic devices, such as processors and radio wave transmissions. The term “megahertz” means one million cycles per second.

Megahertz (MHz ) = Hz/10⁶

Additional Formulas

Wavelength and Frequency Relation:

λ= c/f

. λ is the wavelength (in meters),
. c is the speed of light in vacuum (approximately 3×10⁸ meters/second),
. f is the frequency in hertz (Hz).
For frequency in megahertz:λ= 3×10⁸/f×10⁶ meters

Period and Frequency:
As previously mentioned, the period T of a wave, which is the time for one complete cycle, is the inverse of the frequency:

T= 1/f

Where f is in hertz.
For frequency in megahertz:
T= 1/f×10⁶ seconds

Energy of a Photon (in the context of electromagnetic waves):


. E is the energy of the photon (in joules),
. ℎ is Planck’s constant (6.626×10⁻³⁴ joule-seconds),
. f is the frequency in hertz.
. For frequency in megahertz: E=h×(f×10⁶ )

Applications of Megahertz

  1. Radio Frequency Transmission: Megahertz frequencies are extensively used in broadcasting for both FM radio and television signals. FM radio typically operates in the range of 88 to 108 MHz.
  2. Wireless Communication: Many wireless communication technologies utilize MHz frequencies. For example, Wi-Fi networks operate at 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands, where the lower end of these bands is measured in MHz. Cellular networks also use MHz frequencies for mobile phone communications.
  3. Radar Systems: Radar systems often use frequencies in the MHz range to detect the position and speed of objects. These systems are vital for applications such as air traffic control, weather monitoring, and military operations.
  4. Medical Imaging: Techniques like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) use radio frequencies in the MHz range to create detailed images of the inside of the human body. This is crucial for diagnosing and monitoring many medical conditions.
  5. Computing: The clock speed of older or simpler microprocessors and other digital circuits is often measured in megahertz. Although modern processors operate at much higher frequencies (gigahertz), MHz frequencies are still relevant in various embedded systems.
  6. Amateur Radio: Amateur radio enthusiasts often use frequencies in the MHz range for long-distance communication. These frequencies allow them to communicate across continents due to their ability to reflect off the ionosphere.

SI multiples of Megahertz :

Submultiple ValueSI SymbolSub NameMultiple ValueSI SymbolMultiple Name
10⁻³⁶ (MHz)qHzQuectohertz10²⁴ (MHz)QHzQuettahertz
10⁻³³ (MHz)rHzRontohertz10²¹ (MHz)RHzRonnahertz
10⁻³⁰ (MHz)yHzYoctohertz10¹⁸ (MHz)YHzYottahertz
10⁻²⁷ (MHz)zHzZeptohertz10¹⁵ (MHz)ZHzZettahertz
10⁻²⁴ (MHz)aHzAttohertz10¹² (MHz)EHzExahertz
10⁻²¹ (MHz)fHzFemtohertz10¹⁹ (MHz)PHzPetahertz
10⁻¹⁸ (MHz)pHzPicohertz10⁶ (MHz)THzTerahertz
10⁻¹⁵ (MHz)nHzNanohertz10³ (MHz)GHzGigahertz
10⁻¹² (MHz)μHzMicrohertz11 (MHz)MHzMegahertz
10⁻⁹ (MHz)mHzMillihertz10⁻³ (MHz)kHzKilohertz
10⁻⁸ (MHz)cHzCentihertz10⁻⁴ (MHz)hHzHectohertz
10⁻⁷ (MHz)dHzDecihertz10⁻⁵ (MHz)daHzDecahertz
This table provides a clear view of how the submultiples and multiples compare when converted to MHz, helping in understanding the scaling in both directions from the base unit of Hertz.

Conversion of Megahertz into Other Units


To convert Megahertz (MHz) into other frequency units, you can refer to the table below which displays the conversion of 1 MHz into various units across four columns:

UnitConversion FactorValueUnit Description
Hertz (Hz)1 MHz=106 Hz1×106 HzStandard unit of frequency
Kilohertz (kHz)1 MHz=103 kHz1×103 kHzThousand cycles per second
Gigahertz (GHz)1 MHz=10−3 GHz0.001 GHzBillion cycles per second
Terahertz (THz)1 MHz=10−6 THz0.000001 THzTrillion cycles per second

Megahertz (MHz) to Hertz (Hz)

1 Megahertz (MHz) = 106 Hertz (Hz).

One Megahertz (MHz) equals one million Hertz (Hz). It is a unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) used to measure signal speed.

Megahertz (MHz) to Kilohertz (kHz)

1 Megahertz (MHz) = 103 Kilohertz (kHz)

One Megahertz (MHz) is equivalent to one thousand Kilohertz (kHz). This conversion is used in measuring frequencies, where higher values like MHz are commonly used in radio, telecommunications, and computing to indicate cycles per second at millions or thousands respectively.

Megahertz (MHz) to Gigahertz (GHz)

1 Megahertz (MHz) = 0.001 Gigahertz (GHz)

The statement “1 Megahertz (MHz) = 0.001 Gigahertz (GHz)” describes the relationship between two units of frequency measurement. One megahertz, which is equivalent to one million hertz, is one thousandth of a gigahertz. This conversion is crucial for understanding frequency scales in various technological contexts.

Megahertz (MHz) to Terahertz (THz)

1 Megahertz (MHz) = 0.000001Terahertz (THz)

1 Megahertz (MHz) = 0.000001 Terahertz (THz)” defines the relationship between megahertz and terahertz. One megahertz equals one millionth of a terahertz, illustrating how these units of frequency measurement relate at vastly different scales.

Uses of Megahertz

Uses of Megahertz
  1. Computer Processors: The clock speed of CPUs is measured in MHz or GHz, indicating how many cycles per second the processor can perform.
  2. Radio Frequencies: MHz is used to denote the frequency of radio waves, essential for broadcasting FM radio, television signals, and amateur radio.
  3. Communication Equipment: Devices like mobile phones, GPS systems, and wireless routers operate at frequencies expressed in MHz, vital for determining bandwidth and transmission capabilities.
  4. Microwave Ovens: These appliances often operate at around 2,450 MHz to heat food by causing water molecules to vibrate.
  5. Medical Equipment: Diagnostic tools like MRI machines use MHz to create images of the human body’s interior.


How long is megahertz?

Megahertz (MHz) isn’t a measure of length; it’s a unit of frequency. It indicates the number of cycles per second of a periodic phenomenon, typically used to describe wave frequencies and the speed of electronic devices.

What is bigger than megahertz?

Gigahertz (GHz) is larger than megahertz. One gigahertz equals one thousand megahertz. Gigahertz is commonly used to describe higher frequencies, like those of modern computer processors.

Is MHz a clock speed?

Yes, MHz is often used to measure clock speed in computers and other electronics. Clock speed, measured in MHz, indicates how many cycles per second a computer processor can perform, affecting its overall performance.

What is meant by 1 megahertz?

1 megahertz means one million cycles per second. It is a frequency unit used to measure the rate at which an electronic device operates or the frequency of electromagnetic waves.

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