Writing a research has always been a tough process that enables a researcher to increase current knowledge and discover new things. One of the most important step in doing your research is to identify your research problem. It refers to what the researcher wants to solve and other areas of concern contained in the research. Although there are a lot of ways to solve a problem, difficulties may still arise.
Have you ever heard of a problem statement? Perhaps, you do. It is a very essential part of every research that outlines the problem in your study. It answers the question, “what is the problem that your research study addresses?”
A problem statement is a type of statement that points out a specific problem. It requires action to improve a particular situation. This statement is purely objective which focuses on the problem itself disregarding any subjective views. They are usually answered by questions starting with who, when, what, why and where. Through this, it will be easier to make the problem more comprehensive and solvable.
A problem statement is considered as a communication tool that businesses and other entities develop something for the purpose of improvement. It also helps in defining a problem and its corresponding solution. They provide information that is essential in the decision-making process for a particular project or business activity.
There are a few elements that you need to have in mind. We might not know that this will be capable of providing a positive impact to the outcome.
You must be able to describe how things would work – provide a particular context that will help you understand the problem better. You may start doing so by describing or letting your readers know how to make things work. This refers to the process that functions effectively.
You should be able to explain the problem – the statement of the problem shows what the problem is, why it is being referred to as a problem, and why it is important to solve the problem. You may also try to consider the attempts you made to fix the problem.
You should be able to provide an explanation regarding the financial cost – money is considered as the language of every business. It is said that it would be easy to frame a problem and look for a solution if it has something to do with the financial cost.
You should be able to back up your claims – you must prepare a supporting claim with evidence every time you encounter costing problems. The best advise would be do some research, provide a text reference of the one you have researched and present a data.
You should be able to propose a solution to the problem – you should see first the cause of the problem before you start looking for a solution. Propose approaches that are considered as practical. Make sure that it is understandable. Do not forget to state the objectives of your research and provide plans that are already organized.
You should be able to explain the benefits of the solution you provided – present why the solution will work. Focus on its efficiency and the impact. This should fit into a single paragraph.
You should be able to provide a conclusion that summarizes the problem and its solution – this part should consist of the problem itself, the reason why it has to be fixed, and the summary as to why your solution is the best.
A good problem statement should be able to lead to further research, contribute to the existing research and should render itself for investigation by means of collecting data.
Effective problem statements would describe the issue precisely, show its relevance and set objectives based on your research.
It is when you felt the need to outline the negative issues that arise regarding a current situation. After that, you provide an explanation as to why it matters.
Every problem statement will look entirely different. It varies on what research you are dealing with. It may be a real situation or a scientific issue. These problem statements may have several paragraphs long, but it is always important that the researcher should be able to keep the focus of stating the main problem and its solution alone.